Rape Myths

  title={Rape Myths},
  author={Kimberly A. Lonsway and Louise F. Fitzgerald},
  journal={Psychology of Women Quarterly},
  pages={133 - 164}
Theories of sexual aggression and victimization have increasingly emphasized the role of rape myths in the perpetuation of sexual assault. Rape myths are attitudes and generally false beliefs about rape that are widely and persistently held, and that serve to deny and justify male sexual aggression against women. Acceptance of such myths has been assessed with a number of measures, and investigators have examined its relationship with numerous variables and interventions. Although there has… 
“Men Cannot Be Raped”: Correlates of Male Rape Myth Acceptance
Examination of demographics, personal experiences with rape, and belief systems relate to rape myth adherence for male victims demonstrates that rape myths operate similarly for male and female victims.
A review of the role of radical feminist theories in the understanding of rape myth acceptance
Abstract Research into rape myth acceptance (RMA) first emerged in the 1970s, when authors such as Brownmiller (1975) and Burt (1980) proposed that rape was a mechanism that allowed men to exert
The Media’s Sexual Objectification of Women, Rape Myth Acceptance, and Interpersonal Violence
A new trend has emerged in print advertisements by which women’s bodies are literally morphed into objects. This study begins to explore this phenomenon by examining the effects of viewing these
Lost in translation: a quantitative and qualitative comparison of rape myth acceptance
Abstract Rape myths (RMs) are a complex set of cultural beliefs and attitudes that support and condone sexual violence, mainly by shifting blame from the perpetrator to the victim. Much empirical
The Role of Rape Myth Acceptance and Psychopathy in Sexual Assault Perpetration
Perpetrators of sexual aggression consistently report higher scores on measures of psychopathy and acceptance of rape myths relative to nonperpetrators. However, less is known about psychopathy among
The Role of Gender, Violence, and Sexism
This study investigates the structure of Struckman-Johnson and StruckmanJohnson’s Male Rape Myth Scale, examines gender differences in rape myth acceptance, and explores the underlying ideologies
An Exploration into the Acceptance of Male Rape Myths within the UK
  • E. Spruin
  • Psychology, Business
    Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation
  • 2018
Rape is worldwide issue with no demographic constraint, and previous studies have explored how rape myths serve to justify sexual violence against women at the hands of men. However, this study aims
Male Rape Myths, Female Rape Myths, and Intent to Intervene as a Bystander
Abstract The bystander approach to sexual assault prevention has become popular on college campuses and within the military. Previous research has identified a negative association between the
Rape Myths and ‘Rational’ Ideals in Sex Offence Trials
Having addressed one of the least discussed aspects of trial in the previous chapter, I now turn to one of the most widely discussed: rape myths. Beliefs about what rape is, how it happens, who is
Abnormal Sexual Assault Situations and Its Influence on Rape Myth Acceptance
The crime of rape, unwanted sexual contact, is a heavily researched topic in the sociological field. The majority of research, however, has revolved around incidences of stranger rape and the typical


Cultural myths and supports for rape.
  • M. Burt
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1980
Results from regression analysis of interview data indicate that the higher the sex role stereotyping, adversarial sexual beliefs, and acceptance of interpersonal violence, the greater a respondent's acceptance of rape myths.
The Impact of Contemplated Exposure to a Survivor of Rape on Attitudes toward Rape1
Male and female college students were asked to rate the truth of myths about rape either before or after contemplating how they would react if a close friend or relative told them she had been raped.
The effects of rape myth pornography on women's attitudes and the mediating role of sex role stereotyping
This study tested several hypotheses regarding (1) the effects of reading pornography on women's self-esteem and attitudes about rape and interpersonal violence and (2) how these effects were
Rape knowledge and propensity to rape
Validation of Rape Myth Acceptance Scale
A negative correlation between scores for acceptance of rape myths and trustworthiness or the extent to which people are seen as moral, honest, and reliable is predicted since many rape myths involve suspicion and negative attitudes toward victims of rape.
Rape: A sexual stigma?
The primary purpose of this study was to identify individual differences affecting perceptions of a rapist and a rape victim. It was hypothesized that sex of observer, attitudes towards women,
Measurement of empathy toward rape victims and rapists.
The construction of the Rape Empathy Scale (RES), designed to measure subjects' empathy toward the rape victim and the rapist in a heterosexual rape situation, was constructed and scores were predictive of both students' and jurors' ratings of defendant guilt and recommended sentences.