Rape Myths: History, Individual and Institutional-Level Presence, and Implications for Change

  title={Rape Myths: History, Individual and Institutional-Level Presence, and Implications for Change},
  author={Katie M. Edwards and Jessica A. Turchik and Christina M Dardis and Nicole Reynolds and Christine A. Gidycz},
  journal={Sex Roles},
Rape myths, which are present at both the individual and institutional/societal levels, are one way in which sexual violence has been sustained and justified throughout history. In light of an increasing accumulation of rape myth research across a variety of disciplines, this paper proposes to use a feminist lens to provide an overview of the historical origins of rape myths, to document the current manifestations of these myths in American society, and to summarize the current body of research… Expand
Rape Myths and ‘Rational’ Ideals in Sex Offence Trials
Having addressed one of the least discussed aspects of trial in the previous chapter, I now turn to one of the most widely discussed: rape myths. Beliefs about what rape is, how it happens, who isExpand
Myths about male rape: A literature review.
Rape myths are one way in which sexual violence has been sustained and justified through history and modern times. However, there has been a dearth of scholarship about rape myths concerning maleExpand
Rape Mythology and Victim Blaming as a Social Construct
  • K. Ryan
  • Psychology
  • Handbook of Sexual Assault and Sexual Assault Prevention
  • 2019
Rape myths play a pivotal role in the social construction of rape. Rape myths exonerate rapists, legitimize sexual aggression, and consequently, foster sexual aggression. Contemporary rape mythsExpand
Rape Myths and Beyond: A Commentary on Edwards and Colleagues (2011)
This article comments on Edwards et al. (2011) who review the state of the current literature on rape myths, defined as “prejudicial, stereotyped or false beliefs about rape, rape victims, andExpand
An examination of the impacts of rape myths and gender bias on the legal process for rape in Rwanda
This thesis is an exploration of the legal process for rape in Rwanda, aimed at examining whether this process is influenced by rape myths, as revealed in many Western jurisdictions. To achieve this,Expand
Stereotypes and Adversarial Justice in Rape Trials
The previous two chapters have begun to demonstrate how rape myths and sexual history evidence dismiss survivors as ‘irrational’ or ‘non-credible’. This chapter now seeks to show how wider genderedExpand
The Relationship Between Rape Myth Acceptance and Sexual Behaviors.
Results of this study lend support to the supposition that it is not necessarily individual characteristics that have a large effect on RMA but is instead a strong adherence to traditional belief systems. Expand
Rape Myths and Gender Stereotypes in Croatian Rape Laws and Judicial Practice
In this paper I examine the presence of rape myths and gender stereotypes, and the norms of sexuality they reflect and reinforce, in Croatian rape laws, as exemplified by the recent practice of theExpand
A Crime of Identity: Rape and Its Neglected Victims
While rape is often theorized as an act and expression of the rapist's power over the victim, this article seeks to offer a new, victim-centered conceptualization of rape. Focused specifically on warExpand
The Relationship between Rape Myths and Sexual Scripts: The Social Construction of Rape
Rape myths can influence sexual scripts that determine sexual attitudes and behavior. Sexual scripts are culturally determined patterns of behavior that inform desire and influence sexual behavior.Expand


Rape Myths
Theories of sexual aggression and victimization have increasingly emphasized the role of rape myths in the perpetuation of sexual assault. Rape myths are attitudes and generally false beliefs aboutExpand
Stop Blaming the Victim: A Meta-Analysis on Rape Myths
The findings suggest that rape prevention programs and policies must be broadened to incorporate strategies that also address other oppressive beliefs concurrent with RMA, and a renewed awareness of how RMA shapes societal perceptions of rape victims could also reduce victims’ re-victimization and enhance their coping mechanisms. Expand
The use and opposition of rape myths in prime-time television dramas
The act of rape violates two deeply held values of American culture: the right to justice and the right of physical integrity. Despite this fact, thousands of women are raped each year. The victim ofExpand
Rape: A History From 1860 To The Present
Joanna Bourke, author of the critically-acclaimed Fear, unflinchingly and controversially moves away from looking at victims to look at the rapists. She examines the nature of rape, drawing togetherExpand
Prevalence and Effects of Rape Myths in Print Journalism
Two studies examine the prevalence and effects of rape myths in the print media covering a real-life case of alleged sexual assault and the implications for victim reporting and reducing sexual assault in general. Expand
Unequivocal Victims: The Historical Roots of the Mystification of the Female Complainant in Rape Cases
Historically, numbers of women complainants in rape trials have been regarded suspiciously, or prejudiced in that their credibility has been seriously called into question, or undermined, both fromExpand
Rape Myth Acceptance and Sociodemographic Characteristics: A Multidimensional Analysis
Many myths have been identified surrounding rape, rapists, and rape victims. This study reexamines the acceptance of rape myths across gender role ideologies and selected demographic characteristicsExpand
Cultural myths and supports for rape.
  • M. Burt
  • Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1980
Results from regression analysis of interview data indicate that the higher the sex role stereotyping, adversarial sexual beliefs, and acceptance of interpersonal violence, the greater a respondent's acceptance of rape myths. Expand
The effects of aggressive pornography on beliefs in rape myths: Individual differences
Abstract This experiment assessed the effects of media depictions that portray rape myths on men's beliefs in such myths. The study was conducted in two separate sessions. At the orientation session,Expand
Rape and sexual power in early America
In a comprehensive examination of rape and its prosecution in British America between 1700 and 1820, Sharon Block exposes the dynamics of sexual power on which colonial and early republicanExpand