Rape Camps as a Means of Ethnic Cleansing: Religious, Cultural, and Ethical Responses to Rape Victims in the Former Yugoslavia

  title={Rape Camps as a Means of Ethnic Cleansing: Religious, Cultural, and Ethical Responses to Rape Victims in the Former Yugoslavia},
  author={Todd A. Salzman},
  journal={Human Rights Quarterly},
  pages={348 - 378}
* Todd Salzman completed his doctorate in Moral Theology at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in 1994. He taught ethics at the University of San Diego for two years (1995-1997), and is currently an Assistant Professor at Creighton University, Omaha, NE. His interest is in ethical theory, how it pertains to contemporary social issues such as the atrocities committed in the former Yugoslavia, and what can be done to both prevent such atrocities in the future and to seek justice for the victims… Expand
Not Making Excuses: Functions of Rape as a Tool in Ethno-Nationalist Wars
In the mid-nineties, when I started working on the issue of rape in time of conflict, today’s United Nations (UN) classification of rape as a “war tactic,” was sadly and frustratingly a long wayExpand
Religious Symbolism and Mythology in Sexual Violence and Rape during the Balkan Conflict, 1992–1995
In researching the phenomena of war rapes, studies often show the degree to which war is, in the final analysis, about women. Due to the extreme sexism, misogyny, and male-oriented, nationalisticExpand
The Prosecution of Rape in Wartime: Evidence from the Mau Mau Rebellion, Kenya 1952–60
In July 2012, a landmark hearing before the High Court in London found that the British government had a case to answer concerning human rights abuses, including torture and rapes, allegedlyExpand
"They needed sex to have better morale on the battlefield": A thematic analysis of the causes of rape during the Bosnian War
Mass rape is the increased level of sexual violence that occurs during conflict in comparison to the levels carried out during times of peace. An increasingly prevalent phenomenon, mass rape affectsExpand
Mass Rape in Foča: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia vs. Dragoljub Kunarac
The Bosnian war witnessed the organized expulsion of Bosnian Muslims by Serbian and Bosnian Serb military forces from 1992 until 1995. As a tactic aimed at creating mono-ethnic towns fromExpand
“He Would Kill Me With His Penis”: Genocidal Rape in Rwanda as a State Crime
Only recently have critical criminologists begun a systematic exploration of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity as state crimes (Kramer and Michalowski 2005; Mullins and Rothe 2008;Expand
Forced maternity, children's rights and the genocide convention: A theoretical analysis
Although the status and identity of children may be important in comprehending the effect of forced maternity on a group, addressing children’s rights as such was not absolutely necessary to argue that forced maternity was genocidal. Expand
Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in the Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo : Insights from Former Combatants
Motivations behind the extreme brutality used in many cases of rape in the context of armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) remains poorly understood and under-researched. ThisExpand
Therapeutic Work With Victims of Sexual Violence in War and Postwar: A Discourse Analysis of Bosnian Experiences
This article presents a discourse analysis of 23 interviews with local Bosnian health workers at 2 different psychosocial centers. The main premise for the study is based on the acknowledgment thatExpand
Islamophobia Never Rests in the Balkans: Muslim Communities and the Legacy of Exclusionary Nationalisms and Ethnic Expulsions
Abstract A long history of anti-Muslim prejudice has marked the Balkans. From Pope Urban’s call to take the Holy Land back from the “Turks,” to the writings of Martin Luther seeking repentance forExpand


Rape as a crime of war. A medical perspective.
Since rape in war affects not only the individual but also the family and community to which the survivor belongs, the restoration of social and community bonds is central to the process of healing and must be addressed within the specific cultural setting. Expand
The Oxford encyclopedia of the modern Islamic world
The Encyclopedia offers extensive comparative and systematic analyses of Islamic beliefs, institutions, movements, practices, and peoples on an international scale. The alphabetically arrangedExpand
[Abortion as a method of birth control].
  • M. Rasevic
  • Medicine
  • Jugoslovenski pregled; informativno dokumentarni prirucnik o Jugoslaviji
  • 1990
The author notes that the number of induced abortions performed in Yugoslavia has increased steadily over the past 20 years, and although maternal mortality associated with abortion has declined, it is still six times higher than is normal in developed countries. Expand
Mothers of the Nation