Rape, Prostitution and Consent

  title={Rape, Prostitution and Consent},
  author={Barbara Sullivan},
  journal={Australian \& New Zealand Journal of Criminology},
  pages={127 - 142}
  • B. Sullivan
  • Published 1 August 2007
  • Medicine
  • Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology
Abstract Sex workers are particularly vulnerable to sexual assault. However, until recently, there were significant barriers to the prosecution of those who raped sex workers. Prostitutes were seen as ‘commonly’ available to men, as always consenting to sex and thus as incapable of being raped. This article examines 51 judgments — from the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and New Zealand — where evidence of prostitution was presented between 1829 and 2004. It demonstrates an important change… Expand
1 The Problem of Consent in Distinguishing between Victims of Sex Trafficking and Sex Workers Ms
This paper will analyse the problems understanding the concept of consent and its use in the United Nations’ (U.N.) anti-Trafficking Protocol (Palermo Protocol (2000)) which considers consentExpand
Choice, agency consent and coercion: Complex issues in the lives of prostituted and trafficked women
Abstract This article examines the complexity of the concepts of choice, agency and consent in women and girls’ entry into and experience within the commercial sex trade. InterpretativeExpand
Managing Risks of Violence in Decriminalised Street-Based Sex Work: a Feminist (Sex Worker Rights) Perspective
It is widely understood that street-based sex workers are vulnerable to experiencing  violence in their work. The Prostitution Reform Act (PRA) was passed in New  Zealand in 2003, decriminalising sexExpand
Recognising the Human Rights of Female Sex Workers in India: Moving from Prohibition to Decriminalisation and a Pro-work Model
This article sets out a women’s human rights approach to the legal regulation of sex work developed through an analysis of feminist perspectives, international human rights standards—in particular,Expand
Police Perceptions of Sex-worker Rape Victims and Their Offenders: A Vignette Study.
  • Liza Zvi
  • Medicine
  • Journal of interpersonal violence
  • 2021
Male officers were more biased than female officers in blame attributions toward the offender, manifested in lower levels of blaming as well as in supporting more lenient sanctions, and specifically when the victim was a sex worker. Expand
Working in the Sex Industry in Australia: The Reorganisation of Sex Work in Queensland in the Wake of Law Reform
ABSTRACT Sex work is a highly gendered form of labour performed mostly by women. This article explores the impact of recent law reform—particularly the introduction of brothel licensing—on workers inExpand
The criminalisation of paying for sex in England and Wales: how gender and power are implicated in the making of policy
Abstract This article considers how gender and power are implicated in how prostitution policy is translated from initial proposal to enactment in law. The analysis brings together Freeman’s proposalExpand
Perpetrating The Myth: Exploring Media Accounts of Rape Myths on “Women’s” Networks
ABSTRACT The majority of sexual assault victims knew their perpetrator, yet despite this, there remains a societal conceptualization that sexual assault is committed by strangers. TheseExpand
Screening clients in a decriminalised street-based sex industry: Insights into the experiences of New Zealand sex workers
This article explores the screening practices employed by sex workers to negotiate risks of violence from clients while working on the streets in New Zealand. Drawing from qualitative interviews withExpand
Acceptance of Prostitution and Its Social Determinants in Canada
  • L. Cao, Ruibin Lu, Xiaohan Mei
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2017
Examination of the trend of public attitude toward prostitution acceptability in Canada over a 25-year span and the social determinants of the acceptability of prostitution are explored, using structural equation modeling (SEM), which allows researchers to elaborate both direct and indirect effects on the outcome variable. Expand


Selling Sex in Queensland 2003
Prostitution is one of the oldest and most enduring professions. Despite attempts to control and eradicate it through criminal sanctions, it remains a feature of most societies over recorded time.Expand
The prostitution of sexuality
In 1979, Kathleen Barry's landmark book, Female Sexual Slavery, pulled back the curtain on a world of abuse prostitution that shocked the world. Documenting in devastating detail the lives of streetExpand
Trafficking in Women
This article examines the new United Nations "Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children', which opened for signature in December 2000. ThisExpand
Prostitution, power, and freedom
"Prostitution, Power and Freedom" brings new insights to the ongoing debate among scholars, activists, and others on the controversial subject of prostitution. Sociologist Julia O'Connell Davidson'sExpand
The Swedish Law that Prohibits the Purchase of Sexual Services
After several years of public debate initiated by the Swedish women’s movement, the Law That Prohibits the Purchase of Sexual Services came into force on January 1, 1999. The Law is the first attemptExpand
Sex and Violence: Issues in Representation and Experience
Produced in response to the growing international demand for information, this book details the latest research in understanding and controlling violent and sexual offences. Increasing numbers ofExpand
The Politics of Sex
The liberal in all of us would like to keep sex and politics apart. But it is not possible, in the end, to do so. Human sexuality concerns encounters not between organs, but between persons;Expand
Violence by clients towards female prostitutes in different work settings: questionnaire survey
This report reports on the prevalence of violence by clients against female prostitutes working either outdoors or indoors in three major British cities. Expand
Violence and Legalized Brothel Prostitution in Nevada
The authors conclude by arguing that the legalization of prostitution brings a level of public scrutiny, official regulation, and bureaucratization to brothels that decreases the risk of these 3 types of systematic violence. Expand
Balancing the Scales: Rape, Law Reform and Australian Culture
Over the last twenty years there has been a succession of reforms to sexual assault laws in all Australian jurisdictions. The chapters in this book examine how effective the reforms have been inExpand