Rank-related partner choice in the fission–fusion society of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta)

  title={Rank-related partner choice in the fission–fusion society of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta)},
  author={Jennifer E. Smith and Sandra K. Memenis and Kay E. Holekamp},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
When social partners vary in their relative value, individuals should theoretically initiate partnerships with conspecifics of the highest value. Here, we tested this prediction in a wild population of spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta). Crocuta live in complex, fission–fusion societies structured by dominance hierarchies in which individuals vary greatly in their value as social companions. Because patterns of association among Crocuta reflect social preferences, we calculated association… 
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