Range Measurement as Practiced in the Deep Space Network

@article{Berner2007RangeMA,
  title={Range Measurement as Practiced in the Deep Space Network},
  author={Jeff B. Berner and Scott H. Bryant and Peter W. Kinman},
  journal={Proceedings of the IEEE},
  year={2007},
  volume={95},
  pages={2202-2214}
}
Range measurements are used to improve the trajectory models of spacecraft tracked by the deep space network. The unique challenge of deep-space ranging is that the two-way delay is long, typically many minutes, and the signal-to-noise ratio is small. Accurate measurements are made under these circumstances by means of long correlations that incorporate Doppler rate-aiding. This processing is done with commercial digital signal processors, providing a flexibility in signal design that can… 

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