Raman spectroscopy as a versatile tool for studying the properties of graphene.

  title={Raman spectroscopy as a versatile tool for studying the properties of graphene.},
  author={Andrea C. Ferrari and Denis M Basko},
  journal={Nature nanotechnology},
  volume={8 4},
Raman spectroscopy is an integral part of graphene research. It is used to determine the number and orientation of layers, the quality and types of edge, and the effects of perturbations, such as electric and magnetic fields, strain, doping, disorder and functional groups. This, in turn, provides insight into all sp(2)-bonded carbon allotropes, because graphene is their fundamental building block. Here we review the state of the art, future directions and open questions in Raman spectroscopy of… 


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