Raman amplification for fiber communications systems

  title={Raman amplification for fiber communications systems},
  author={Jake Bromage},
  journal={Journal of Lightwave Technology},
  • Jake Bromage
  • Published 2004 in Journal of Lightwave Technology
Raman amplification has enabled dramatic increases in the reach and capacity of lightwave systems. This tutorial explains why, starting with the fundamental properties of gain from stimulated Raman scattering. Next, noise accumulation from amplified spontaneous emission is reviewed, and the merits of distributing Raman gain along a transmission fiber are explained. Other sources of noise that are particularly relevant for Raman amplifiers are summarized. Finally, novel Raman pumping schemes… CONTINUE READING
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