1 Raman Scattering Theory David W. Hahn Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Florida (email@example.com) Introduction The scattering of light may be thought of as the redirection of light that takes place when an electromagnetic (EM) wave (i.e. an incident light ray) encounters an obstacle or nonhomogeneity, in our case the scattering material (solid, liquid or gas). As the EM wave interacts with the matter, the electron orbits within the constituent molecules are perturbed periodically with the same frequency (νo) as the electric field of the incident wave. The oscillation or perturbation of the electron cloud results in a periodic separation of charge within the molecules, which is called an induced dipole moment. The oscillating induced dipole moment is manifest as a source of EM radiation, thereby resulting in scattered light. The majority of light scattered is emitted at the identical frequency (νo) of the incident light, a process referred to as elastic scattering. However, as explained below, additional light is scattered at different frequencies, a process referred to as inelastic scattering. Raman scattering is one such example of inelastic scattering. In summary, the above comments describe the process of light scattering as a complex interaction between the incident EM wave and the material’s molecular/atomic structure.