Raised venous pressure: a direct cause of renal sodium retention in oedema?

@article{Firth1988RaisedVP,
  title={Raised venous pressure: a direct cause of renal sodium retention in oedema?},
  author={John D. Firth and Anthony E. G. Raine and John G. G. Ledingham},
  journal={Lancet},
  year={1988},
  volume={1 8593},
  pages={1033-5}
}
Contemporary theories of oedema formation are often based on the idea that "effective" blood volume is reduced, and that sodium retention and oedema are a result of the kidney responding, as in haemorrhage, to a perception by receptors in the circulation that blood volume is inadequate. This idea has enhanced understanding of the pathophysiology of such conditions as cardiac failure and cirrhosis, but has obscured the fact that blood volume is almost always increased in oedematous states… CONTINUE READING
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