Radiotracer studies on calcium ion-selective electrode membranes based on poly(vinyl chloride) matrices.

Abstract

Radiotracer studies with (45)Ca and (36)Cl demonstrate that PVC matrix membranes containing Orion 92-20-02 liquid calcium ion-exchanger are permselective to counter-cations. Diffusion coefficients are quoted for the migration of (45)Ca between pairs of calcium solutions and are discussed in terms of solution concentration, membrane thickness and concentration level of sensor in the membrane. Migration of calcium ions from calcium chloride solution to a Group (II) metal chloride solution through a PVC membrane containing calcium liquid ion-exchanger is discussed in terms of solvent extraction and electrode selectivity coefficient parameters. Thus, magnesium, strontium and barium ions appear to inhibit migration through the membrane by their low affinity for the membrane liquid ion-exchanger sites, while the inhibition by beryllium ions is attributed to site blockage by the strong affinity of dialkylphosphate sites for beryllium.

Cite this paper

@article{Craggs1976RadiotracerSO, title={Radiotracer studies on calcium ion-selective electrode membranes based on poly(vinyl chloride) matrices.}, author={Alice Craggs and Gary Moody and Joshua Thomas and A. R. K. Willcox}, journal={Talanta}, year={1976}, volume={23 11-12}, pages={799-804} }