Normal Renal Dimensions in Iranian Adults Measured by Ultrasound
The distinctive morphology of the human innominate bone (os coxae) and its clear sexual dimorphism make it of interest from anatomical, anthropological and forensic points of view. The features of the greater sciatic notch of the coxae are characteristic and are commonly used to determine sex in unknown individuals. In this study, several measurements of the greater sciatic notch, e.g. width (AB), depth (OC) and width of the posterior segment (OB) were taken and indices I and II were calculated in 64 adult (32 men and 32 women) and side (right: left) coxae radiography (A-P view). Results indicated that out of all the parameters studied, width of the notch (right and left) (P < 0.001), posterior segment width (right and left) (P < 0.001), right (P = 0.036) and left (P = 0.008) index II of notch were found to be significantly greater in women as compared with men. Discriminant function analysis showed that the accuracy of sex determination varied from 100% in the men and 40% in the women groups to 70% for the total group. These results can be used as an aid to the identification of human skeletal remains in Iranian people.