Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island

  title={Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island},
  author={R. Dale Guthrie},
  • R. Dale Guthrie
  • Published 2004
  • Environmental Science, Geography, Geology
  • Nature
Island colonization and subsequent dwarfing of Pleistocene proboscideans is one of the more dramatic evolutionary and ecological occurrences1,2,3, especially in situations where island populations survived end-Pleistocene extinctions whereas those on the nearby mainland did not4. For example, Holocene mammoths have been dated from Wrangel Island in northern Russia4. In most of these cases, few details are available about the dynamics of how island colonization and extinction occurred. As part… 
Pattern of extinction of the woolly mammoth in Beringia
A new geo-referenced database of radiocarbon-dated evidence is used to show that mammoths were abundant in the open-habitat of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (∼45–30 ka), and suggests that humans may be best seen as a synergistic cofactor in that extirpation.
Biogeography of extinction: The demise of insular mammals from the Late Pleistocene till today
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Two interesting life history questions about North Pacifi c pinnipeds beg for zooarchaeological input. One is the observation that the ringed seal, Phoca hispida, an Arctic species that also inhabits
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