Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island

@article{Guthrie2004RadiocarbonEO,
  title={Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island},
  author={Russell D. Guthrie},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2004},
  volume={429},
  pages={746-749}
}
  • R. D. Guthrie
  • Published 17 June 2004
  • Environmental Science, Geography, Geology
  • Nature
Island colonization and subsequent dwarfing of Pleistocene proboscideans is one of the more dramatic evolutionary and ecological occurrences, especially in situations where island populations survived end-Pleistocene extinctions whereas those on the nearby mainland did not. For example, Holocene mammoths have been dated from Wrangel Island in northern Russia. In most of these cases, few details are available about the dynamics of how island colonization and extinction occurred. As part of a… 

Timing and causes of mid-Holocene mammoth extinction on St. Paul Island, Alaska

Evidence indicates that this mammoth population died out because of the synergistic effects of shrinking island area and freshwater scarcity caused by rising sea levels and regional climate change, reinforcing 21st-century concerns about the vulnerability of island populations to future warming, freshwater availability, and sea level rise.

Pleistocene to Holocene extinction dynamics in giant deer and woolly mammoth

It is shown that another spectacular megafaunal species, the giant deer or ‘Irish elk’, survived to around 6,900 radiocarbon yr bp (about 7,700 yr ago) in western Siberia—more than three millennia later than its previously accepted terminal date—and therefore, that the reasons for its ultimate demise are to be sought in Holocene not Pleistocene events.

Sea ice expansion in the Bering Sea during the Neoglacial: evidence from archaeozoology

The Neoglacial was a period of cold that lasted more than 2000 years during the mid-Holocene, from approximately 4700 to 2500 years ago. Although proxy data from a number of sources document the

Pattern of extinction of the woolly mammoth in Beringia

A new geo-referenced database of radiocarbon-dated evidence is used to show that mammoths were abundant in the open-habitat of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (∼45–30 ka), and suggests that humans may be best seen as a synergistic cofactor in that extirpation.
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