Radiocarbon and Tree-Ring Dates of the Bes-Shatyr #3 Saka Kurgan in the Semirechiye, Kazakhstan

  title={Radiocarbon and Tree-Ring Dates of the Bes-Shatyr \#3 Saka Kurgan in the Semirechiye, Kazakhstan},
  author={Irina P. Panyushkina and Fedor Grigoriev and Todd Lange and Nursan Alimbay},
  pages={1297 - 1303}
This study employs tree-ring crossdating and radiocarbon measurements to determine the precise calendar age of the Bes-Shatyr Saka necropolis (43°47′N, 81°21′E) built for wealthy tribe leaders in the Ili River Valley (Semirechiye), southern Kazakhstan. We developed a 218-yr tree-ring chronology and a highly resolved sequence of 14C from timbers of Bes-Shatyr kurgan #3. A 4-decadal-point 14C wiggle dates the Bes-Shatyr necropolis to 600 cal BC. A 47-yr range of cutting dates adjusted the kurgan… 
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