Radiocarbon Dating of the Turin Shroud: New Evidence from Raw Data

@article{Casabianca2019RadiocarbonDO,
  title={Radiocarbon Dating of the Turin Shroud: New Evidence from Raw Data},
  author={Tristan Casabianca and Emanuela Marinelli and Giuseppe Pernagallo and Benedetto Torrisi},
  journal={Archaeometry},
  year={2019}
}
In 1988, three laboratories performed a radiocarbon analysis of the Turin Shroud. The results, which were centralized by the British Museum and published in Nature in 1989, provided ‘ conclusive evidence ’ of the medieval origin of the artefact. However, the raw data were never released by the institutions. In 2017, in response to a legal request, all raw data kept by the British Museum were made accessible. A statistical analysis of the Nature article and the raw data strongly suggests that… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Statistical and Proactive Analysis of an Inter-Laboratory Comparison: The Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud of Turin

These analyses suggest that the 1988 radiocarbon dating does not match the current accuracy requirements and it would be interesting to know the accurate age of the Shroud of Turin.

X-ray Dating of a Turin Shroud’s Linen Sample

On a sample of the Turin Shroud (TS), we applied a new method for dating ancient linen threads by inspecting their structural degradation by means of Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS). The X-ray

Long-Term Temperature Effects on the Natural Linen Aging of the Turin Shroud

In 2021, Wide-angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS) was applied to a sample of the Turin Shroud as a new method for dating ancient linen threads by inspecting their structural degradation. The major result

The Ongoing Historical Debate About the Shroud of Turin: The Case of the Pray Codex

The Shroud of Turin is a linen cloth bearing the frontal and dorsal images of a naked man pre-sumably died by crucifixion. Currently preserved it is one of the most studied and controversial

Combined, sequential dye analysis and radiocarbon dating of single ancient textile yarns from a Nazca tunic

The accessioning of ancient textiles into museum collections often requires objective information regarding the object’s appropriateness and authenticity before purchase or gift acceptance. In the

Scientific Analysis of Cultural Heritage Objects

Abstract The characterization of cultural heritage objects becomes increasingly important for conservation, restoration, dating, and authentication purposes. The use of scientific methods in archae...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES

Investigating a Dated Piece of the Shroud of Turin

We present a photomicrographic investigation of a sample of the Shroud of Turin, split from one used in the radiocarbon dating study of 1988 at Arizona. In contrast to other reports on

PROCEDURES FOR COMPARING AND COMBINING RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATIONS: A CRITIQUE

Archaeologists, along with other Quaternary researchers, seldom rely upon a single radiocarbon determination to provide an estimate of the age of the phenomenon which is the object of their study.

Studies on the radiocarbon sample from the shroud of turin

Regression analysis with partially labelled regressors: carbon dating of the Shroud of Turin

It is established the existence of a trend in the results and suggested how better experimental design would have enabled stronger conclusions to have been drawn from this multi-centre experiment.

Developments in the Calibration and Modeling of Radiocarbon Dates

Calibration is a core element of radiocarbon dating and is undergoing rapid development on a number of different fronts. This is most obvious in the area of 14C archives suitable for calibration

A New Robust Statistical Model for Radiocarbon Data

The general method currently used to analyze radiocarbon data (y) is conditional on the standard deviation (σ), reported by 14C laboratories, which reflects the uncertainty in the dating process.

Material witness: Is this holy relic preserved?

Botanist Marzia Boi argues that the new identification of Helichrysum pollen suggests that the origins of the shroud “lie in the first century ad” and that the finding “validates the theory that the corpse kept in the shroud received a funeral and burial with all the honour and respect that was customary in the Hebrew tradition”.

Pollen on the Shroud of Turin: The Probable Trace Left by Anointing and Embalming

  • M. Boi
  • Environmental Science
  • 2017
This study proposes an alternative interpretation of the pollen grains found on the Christian relic of the Shroud of Turin, the majority of which belong to entomogamous plants. The examination of the

Summarizing a Set of Radiocarbon Determinations: A Robust Approach

A general (Bayesian) method for summarizing sets of radiocarbon determinations is presented, combining archaeological a priori considerations with the radiocarbon determinations to obtain dates on

Recent and Planned Developments of the Program OxCal

The recent additions to the statistical methods of OxCal are primarily aimed at providing more robust models, in particular through model averaging for deposition models and through different multiphase models.