Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt

  title={Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt},
  author={C. Ramsey and M. Dee and J. Rowland and T. Higham and S. Harris and F. Brock and A. Quiles and E. Wild and E. Marcus and A. Shortland},
  pages={1554 - 1557}
Date with the Pharaohs Ancient Egypt dominated the Mediterranean world for several thousand years. However, the absolute chronology of this civilization has been uncertain, even though the sequence of rulers is well documented. Bronk Ramsey et al. (p. 1554; see the Perspective by Bruins) now provide a detailed radiocarbon-based record using more than 200 samples that spans much of this time and reduces uncertainties in some cases to less than 20 years. To avoid artifacts, the authors dated only… Expand
Dating Pharaonic Egypt
A comprehensive and sophisticated radiocarbon dating study on the chronology of Pharaonic Egypt, involving 211 samples, involves 211 samples that could be associated with the reign of a particular Pharaoh or with a specific section of the historical chronology. Expand
High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia
An empirically based and dramatically shortened chronology for the colonization of East Polynesia resolves longstanding paradoxes and offers a robust explanation for the remarkable uniformity of EastPolynesian culture, human biology, and language. Expand
Radiocarbon Verification of the Earliest Astro-Chronological Datum
Abstract Papyri 10012A and 10012B from Illahun, Egypt, provide the earliest astro-chronological datum in history and, while calculated to various years in the 19th century BCE, have never beenExpand
Radiocarbon offsets and old world chronology as relevant to Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia and Thera (Santorini)
Three radiocarbon time-series of archaeological and historical importance from the Mediterranean-Anatolian region are investigated, which indicate offsets from IntCal20 (~0–22 14C years), which are critical for the precise understanding of historical and environmental events across the Mediterranean Basin and Near East. Expand
The Astronomical Basis of Egyptian Chronology of the Second Millennium BC
Abstract Egyptian dates are widely used for fixing the chronologies of surrounding countries in the Ancient Near East. But the astronomical basis of Egyptian chronology is shakier than generallyExpand
Dating the End of the Greek Bronze Age: A Robust Radiocarbon-Based Chronology from Assiros Toumba
The absolute dates determined for Assiros through Bayesian modelling are both consistent and unexpected, since they are systematically earlier than the conventional chronologies of southern Greece by between 70 and 100 years. Expand
Radiocarbon dating and the Naqada relative chronology
The Naqada relative chronology provides the main cultural framework for the Predynastic period of ancient Egypt. It was devised in the late nineteenth century by Flinders Petrie to improveExpand
ABSTRACT The following paper presents the results of radiocarbon (14C) dating of Middle Bronze Age (MB) contexts in Jerusalem. The dates, sampled with microarchaeology methods from three differentExpand
Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption
Results show an offset from the international radiocarbon calibration curve, which indicates a shift in the calibrated age range for Thera toward the 16th century BCE, and sheds new light on the long-running debate focused on a discrepancy. Expand
An absolute chronology for early Egypt using radiocarbon dating and Bayesian statistical modelling
An absolute chronology for Early Egypt is produced by combining radiocarbon and archaeological evidence within a Bayesian paradigm and indicates that the process occurred more rapidly than previously thought. Expand


Ancient Egyptian chronology and the astronomical orientation of pyramids
Trends in the orientation of Old Kingdom pyramids are used to demonstrate that the Egyptians aligned them to north by using the simultaneous transit of two circumpolar stars, thereby providing an anchor for the Old Kingdom chronologies. Expand
The chronology of ancient Egypt
Abstract The chronology of ancient Egypt can only be recovered (and then, inexactly) by combining several approaches. These include the sequences of kings and reigns, grouped into dynasties andExpand
Investigating the likelihood of a reservoir offset in the radiocarbon record for ancient Egypt
Some radiocarbon dates for ancient Egypt have been significantly offset from the established historical chronology (see Bonani et al., 2001). In this paper, short-lived plant species collected inExpand
Chronology for the Aegean Late Bronze Age 1700-1400 B.C.
A chronology for the initial Aegean Late Bronze Age cultural phases (Late Minoan IA, IB, and II) is established by using carbon-14 dates from the surrounding region, cultural phases, and Bayesian statistical analysis. Expand
Ancient Egyptian Chronology
This volume deals with the chronology of Ancient Egypt from the fourth millennium until the Hellenistic Period. An initial section reviews the foundations of Egyptian chronology, both ancient andExpand
Santorini Eruption Radiocarbon Dated to 1627-1600 B.C.
This work applied so-called radiocarbon wiggle-matching to a carbon-14 sequence of tree-ring segments to constrain the eruption date of Santorini to the range 1627‐1600 B.C. with 95.4% probability. Expand
14C Dating of the Upper Paleolithic Site at Krems-Hundssteig in Lower Austria
The open-air archaeological site at Krems-Hundssteig is a well-known Upper Paleolithic site located in Lower Austria. The site was discovered in the late 19th/early 20th centuries when a large numberExpand
Radiocarbon in tropical tree rings during the Little Ice Age
Cross-dated tree-ring cores (Pinus merkusii) from north-central Thailand, spanning AD 1620-1780, were used to investigate atmospheric C-14 for the tropics during the latter part of the Little IceExpand
Intcal04 Terrestrial Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 0–26 Cal Kyr BP
A new calibration curve for the conversion of radiocarbon ages to calibrated (cal) ages has been constructed and internationally ratified to replace IntCal98, which extended from 0–24 cal kyr BPExpand
The Present Status of Egyptian Chronology
  • W. A. Ward
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1992
The current debate on Egyptian chronology is characterized by divergent opinions on the value of the Manethonian tradition, the lengths of reigns of individual Egyptian kings, the existence ofExpand