Radicalism of the Hopeless: Refugee Flows and Transnational Terrorism

  title={Radicalism of the Hopeless: Refugee Flows and Transnational Terrorism},
  author={Daniel Milton and Megan Storm Spencer and Michael G. Findley},
  journal={International Interactions},
  pages={621 - 645}
We examine whether refugee flows increase transnational terrorism in states to which refugees flee. Recent studies find that refugee flows contribute to the spread of interstate and civil war, but to a far lesser extent have studies examined how refugee flows could lead to other forms of political violence. We discuss two ways in which refugee flows can lead to transnational terrorism: how conditions in camps contribute to the radicalization of refugees; and how poorly host states treat… 
Trojan Horse, Copycat, or Scapegoat? Unpacking the Refugees-Terrorism Nexus
Widespread fear that hosting refugees will mean more terrorism in host states is at the heart of the “refugee crisis.” Yet, we lack rigorous evidence for such claims. This article theoretically
Welcoming the Unwelcome: Refugee Flows, Refugee Rights, and Political Violence
  • B. Savun
  • Political Science
    International Studies Quarterly
  • 2021
This article examines refugee-related violence by exploring the effect of extensive refugee rights on the risk of civil conflict and violent attacks against refugees by local population. The
Violence and the perception of risk associated with hosting refugees
How do individuals’ experiences with political violence affect their perceptions regarding the risk associated with hosting refugees? This is an important question given that many communities are
Refugees, ethnic power relations, and civil conflict in the country of asylum
  • S. Rüegger
  • Political Science
    Journal of Peace Research
  • 2018
Many countries that face forced migrant inflows refuse to admit these uprooted people premised on negative externalities such as increased insecurity associated with refugee presence. Also, the
Blame the victims? Refugees, state capacity, and non-state actor violence
Existing research argues that refugee inflows may increase the risk of domestic conflict, particularly civil war that, by definition, involves the state as an actor. However, many of the postulated
Reexamining the Effect of Refugees on Civil Conflict: A Global Subnational Analysis
A large literature suggests that the presence of refugees is associated with greater risk of conflict. We argue that the positive effects of hosting refugees on local conditions have been overlooked.
The Journey Home: Flight Related Factors on Refugee Decisions to Return∗
The international refugee regime promotes voluntary repatriation as the preferred solution to refugee crises. It is commonly held that it is safe for refugees to return once conditions are stable in
Beliefs on Refugees as a Terrorist Threat. The Social Determinants of Refugee-related Stereotypes
This article performs a cross-national analysis of the causes of refugee-related threat perception. We examine the hypotheses that the number of terrorist attacks by Muslim extremists should
Refugees, forced migration, and conflict: Introduction to the special issue
Few issues in international politics have dominated public debates, both in domestic and international arenas, as much as refugee movements across borders in recent years. By the end of 2017, more
The Impact of International Migration on Security: Terrorism and Refugee in Perspective
The aim of this research is to explore the consequential effect of refugees as it relates to terrorism, with the proposed causal links between terrorism on the one hand and (forced and irregular)


Refugees and the Spread of Civil War
Certain regions of the world experience more conflict than others. Previous analyses have shown that a civil war in one country significantly increases the likelihood that neighboring states will
The Effect of the Refugee Experience on Terrorist Activity
Terrorism as a global phenomenon has flummoxed policy makers and researchers alike, as we strive to understand what drives this catastrophic presence in the global community. The American government
The Externalities of Civil Strife: Refugees as a Source of International Conflict
Domestic strife and civil war frequently produce large population dislocations and refugee flows across national boundaries. Mass refugee flows often entail negative consequences for receiving
Refugees: The security dimension
In the 1990s doors have been closing in the Western world against refugee claimants. Although there are multiple causes for declining generosity towards refugees, arguments that refugees pose
Transnational Terrorism in the Post–Cold War Era
The article uncovers evidence that the end of the Cold War has provideda dividend in terms of reduced transnational terrorism. Significant short-run and long-run effects are quantified with
Can refugees benefit the state? Refugee resources and African statebuilding
  • K. Jacobsen
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 2002
Refugees impose a variety of security, economic and environmental burdens on host countries, but also embody a significant flow of resources in the form of international humanitarian assistance,
Whither Will They Go
What leads people seeking refuge from violence to select one country over another? One view of refugees as forced migrants suggests that they will flee to the nearest safe space. Another view of
Interstate Rivalry and Terrorism
Existing scholarly research on terrorism has largely ignored the role of international relations and its effects on patterns of terrorism. This study argues that strategic interstate relationships
Games Rivals Play: Terrorism in International Rivalries
The quantitative terrorism literature has largely overlooked interstate relations when evaluating predictors of transnational terrorist attacks, opting to focus on state, group, or individual-level
Terrorism, Economic Development, and Political Openness: Kto Kogo? : A Cross-Country Study of the Origins and Targets of Terrorism
Introduction Popular wisdom in the burgeoning literature on terrorism focuses on the economic motivations of terrorists. “We fight against poverty,” President George W. Bush explained in Monterrey,