Radical chemoradiotherapy for elderly patients with bladder carcinoma invading muscle.


BACKGROUND Chemoradiotherapy is becoming an alternative to radical cystectomy among patients with bladder carcinoma invading muscle. In 1988, the authors began a protocol with methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (M-VAC regimen) and radiotherapy for these patients. Traditionally, age has been considered a determinant factor thereby excluding the older patients from the oncologic protocols that are considered to be more aggressive. The authors analyzed 20 patients (age > 70 years) who were treated during this period with the same protocol as the authors' other patients. METHODS The study included 20 patients (age range, 70-78 years; median age, 74 years) including 4 patients with T2 disease, 9 with T3 disease, and 7 with T4 disease. All patients had a Karnofsky performance status of > 60. Treatment protocol included cytoreductive transurethral resection, 2 cycles of M-VAC chemotherapy, and radiotherapy (45 grays [Gy] on pelvic volume) with concurrent cisplatin (20 mg/m2 on Days 1-5. Response was determined by cystoscopic evaluation. If there was a complete response, radiotherapy continued until a total dose of 65 Gy; if there was not a complete response, cystectomy was performed. RESULTS Tumor response after a dose of 45 Gy included 11 complete responses (55%), 5 partial responses (25%), and 4 nonresponses (20%). Overall survival was 75%, 34%, and 27% in the 2nd, 3rd, and 5th years of follow-up, respectively. Cause specific survival was 79%, 54%, and 38%, respectively. Survival for patients with complete response was 100%, 60%, and 48%, respectively. Severe toxicity was uncommon, with the most frequent toxicities being leukopenia and cystitis. No treatment-related death occurred with either treatment protocol. CONCLUSIONS The age of the individual must not become a strict exclusion criterion for the radical treatment of old patients with invasive bladder carcinoma.

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@article{Arias1997RadicalCF, title={Radical chemoradiotherapy for elderly patients with bladder carcinoma invading muscle.}, author={F Arias and Mar{\'i}a Teresa Due{\~n}as and E. Mart{\'i}nez and Ma Angeles Dominguez and Jos{\'e} Juan Illarramendi and Elena Villafranca and Mariano Tejedor and Francisco Molina and R M Meiri{\~n}o and J J Valerdi}, journal={Cancer}, year={1997}, volume={80 1}, pages={115-20} }