Radiation dose reduction and image enhancement in biological imaging through equally-sloped tomography.


Electron tomography is currently the highest resolution imaging modality available to study the 3D structures of pleomorphic macromolecular assemblies, viruses, organelles and cells. Unfortunately, the resolution is currently limited to 3-5nm by several factors including the dose tolerance of biological specimens and the inaccessibility of certain tilt angles. Here we report the first experimental demonstration of equally-sloped tomography (EST) to alleviate these problems. As a proof of principle, we applied EST to reconstructing frozen-hydrated keyhole limpet hemocyanin molecules from a tilt-series taken with constant slope increments. In comparison with weighted back-projection (WBP), the algebraic reconstruction technique (ART) and the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART), EST reconstructions exhibited higher contrast, less peripheral noise, more easily detectable molecular boundaries and reduced missing wedge effects. More importantly, EST reconstructions including only two-thirds the original images appeared to have the same resolution as full WBP reconstructions, suggesting that EST can either reduce the dose required to reach a given resolution or allow higher resolutions to be achieved with a given dose. EST was also applied to reconstructing a frozen-hydrated bacterial cell from a tilt-series taken with constant angular increments. The results confirmed similar benefits when standard tilts are utilized.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2008.07.011

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@article{Lee2008RadiationDR, title={Radiation dose reduction and image enhancement in biological imaging through equally-sloped tomography.}, author={Edwin Y. Lee and Benjamin P. Fahimian and Cristina V. Iancu and C. Suloway and Gavin E. Murphy and Elizabeth R Wright and Daniel Casta{\~n}o-D{\'i}ez and Grant J. Jensen and Jianwei Miao}, journal={Journal of structural biology}, year={2008}, volume={164 2}, pages={221-7} }