Gastrointestinal radiation injury: symptoms, risk factors and mechanisms
- A Shadad, F Sullivan, J Martin, L. Egan
- World J Gastroenterol
Radiative colitis is an enteropathy syndrome that may develop after radiation therapy to the abdomen or pelvis. Radiation therapy is a treatment option for cancers in that area. Symptoms start weeks to years after initial radiation dose and include diarrhea, malabsorption, abdominal pain, and nausea. Therapy involves treating symptoms and allowing the bowels to heal. In severe cases partial colectomy may provide the best chance at recovery.