Racism and Psychological and Emotional Injury

@article{Carter2007RacismAP,
  title={Racism and Psychological and Emotional Injury},
  author={Robert T. Carter},
  journal={The Counseling Psychologist},
  year={2007},
  volume={35},
  pages={105 - 13}
}
  • R. Carter
  • Published 1 January 2007
  • Psychology
  • The Counseling Psychologist
The purpose of this article is to discuss the psychological and emotional effects of racism on people of Color. Psychological models and research on racism, discrimination, stress, and trauma will be integrated to promote a model to be used to understand, recognize, and assess race-based traumatic stress to aid counseling and psychological assessment, research, and training. 
Racism and Pathological Bias as a Co-Occurring Problem in Diagnosis and Assessment
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A guide to the forensic assessment of race-based traumatic stress reactions.
  • R. Carter, J. Forsyth
  • Psychology
    The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2009
TLDR
The analysis of a case study is used to illustrate and extend previous work on the evaluation of racial discrimination by providing a guide to the forensic assessment of the psychiatric and emotional impact of race-based encounters--a guide that can be used both in preparing expert reports and in developing treatment approaches.
Addressing Racial Trauma in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders.
Recognition that trauma is a key contributor to the development of substance use disorders (SUDs) has been critical to developing effective clinical approaches for this patient population.
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