Racism and Invisibility

  title={Racism and Invisibility},
  author={Anderson J. Franklin and Nancy Boyd-Franklin and Shalonda Kelly},
  journal={Journal of Emotional Abuse},
  pages={30 - 9}
SUMMARY This article presents an overview of the complex experiences of racism and the invisibility syndrome as they relate to issues of race-related stress, emotional abuse, and psychological trauma for people of color. Racism, through domination, power, and White privilege, is manifested in its individual, institutional, and cultural forms. Race-related stress is discussed as an outcome of perceived racism creating emotional abuse and psychological trauma. Consequences of racism are… 
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A multidimensional conceptualization of racism-related stress: implications for the well-being of people of color.
  • S. Harrell
  • Psychology
    The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 2000
A conceptualization of racism-related stress and its impact on well-being is offered that integrates existing theory and research on racism, multicultural mental health, and the stress process. The