Racism and Health: Evidence and Needed Research.

@article{Williams2019RacismAH,
  title={Racism and Health: Evidence and Needed Research.},
  author={David R. Williams and Jourdyn A. Lawrence and Brigette A. Davis},
  journal={Annual review of public health},
  year={2019},
  volume={40},
  pages={
          105-125
        }
}
In recent decades, there has been remarkable growth in scientific research examining the multiple ways in which racism can adversely affect health. This interest has been driven in part by the striking persistence of racial/ethnic inequities in health and the empirical evidence that indicates that socioeconomic factors alone do not account for racial/ethnic inequities in health. Racism is considered a fundamental cause of adverse health outcomes for racial/ethnic minorities and racial/ethnic… 

A Population Health Perspective on Racism and Racial Microaggressions

Racism, one of the social determinants of health, often goes unnoticed by those less affected by its pernicious effects. The lived social experience of race has been linked to significant physical

Structural Racism: A Call to Action for Health and Health Disparities Research.

Understanding the disproportionate burden of stressor exposure experienced by racialized groups as a result of interpersonal discrimination is important, as is attending to how such discrimination impacts health and health disparities throughout the lifecourse and across generations.

Structural interventions that affect racial inequities and their impact on population health outcomes: a systematic review

Structural racism is the historical and ongoing reinforcement of racism within society due to discriminatory systems and inequitable distribution of key resources. Racism, embedded within

Racism and health in Aotearoa New Zealand: a systematic review of quantitative studies.

Quantitative racism and health research in New Zealand consistently finds that self-reported racial discrimination is associated with a range of poorer health outcomes and reduced access to and quality of healthcare.

Health and Health-Related Correlates of Internalized Racism Among Racial/Ethnic Minorities: a Review of the Literature

  • Drexler James
  • Psychology
    Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
  • 2020
Evidence from this review suggests that IR is negatively associated with health via decrements in positive core self-evaluation, and IR mediates the relationship between discrimination and health; and IR is a self-protective strategy that protects against ill health.

Diversity in clinical research: public health and social justice imperatives

This article aims to both provide the missing arguments for why adequate representation of racial and ethnic minorities in clinical research is essential and to articulate a number of recommendations for improving diversity going forward.

Social Determinants of Health and Diabetes: A Scientific Review

The literature review focuses primarily on U.S.-based studies of adults with diabetes and on key definitions and SDOH frameworks, and concludes with recommendations for linkages across health care and community sectors from national advisory committees, recommendations for diabetes research, and recommendations for research to inform practice.

Area-level racial prejudice and health: A systematic review.

A systematic literature review found a positive association between area-level racial prejudice and adverse health outcomes among racial/ethnic minoritized groups, with four studies also showing a similar association among Whites.

Systemic Racism and Substance Use Disorders

Evidence of racial disparities in substance use disorders is reviewed, their historical roots and explanatory theories for their persistence are examined, and recommendations for providing racially equitable SUD care are made.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 150 REFERENCES

Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research

Advancing the understanding of the relationship between perceived discrimination and health will require more attention to situating discrimination within the context of other health-relevant aspects of racism, measuring it comprehensively and accurately, assessing its stressful dimensions, and identifying the mechanisms that link discrimination to health.

Needed Interventions to Reduce Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health.

There is a pressing need to develop a scientific research agenda to identify how to build and sustain the political will needed to create policy to eliminate racial/ethnic health disparities.

Race and health: basic questions, emerging directions.

Is Racism a Fundamental Cause of Inequalities in Health

It is concluded that racial inequalities in health endure primarily because racism is a fundamental cause of racial differences in SES and because SES is afundamental cause of health inequalities.

Discrimination and the Health of African Americans: The Potential Importance of Intersectionalities

An argument is presented for the importance of examining intersectionalities in studies of discrimination and physical health in African Americans and an overview of research in this area is provided.

Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health

Findings underscore the need for research efforts to identify the complex ways in which economic and non-economic forms of discrimination relate to each other and combine with socio-economic position and other risk factors and resources to affect health.

Racism as a Determinant of Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Racism was associated with poorer mental health, including depression, anxiety, psychological stress and various other outcomes, and the association between racism and physical health was significantly stronger for Asian American and Latino(a) American participants compared with African American participants.

Elucidating the role of place in health care disparities: the example of racial/ethnic residential segregation.

Increasing evidence indicates that racial/ethnic residential segregation is a key factor driving place-based health care inequalities, and closer attention to address research gaps has implications for advancing and strengthening the literature.
...