Racism, Hate Speech, and Social Media: A Systematic Review and Critique

  title={Racism, Hate Speech, and Social Media: A Systematic Review and Critique},
  author={Ariadna Matamoros-Fern{\'a}ndez and Johan Farkas},
  journal={Television \& New Media},
  pages={205 - 224}
Departing from Jessie Daniels’s 2013 review of scholarship on race and racism online, this article maps and discusses recent developments in the study of racism and hate speech in the subfield of social media research. Systematically examining 104 articles, we address three research questions: Which geographical contexts, platforms, and methods do researchers engage with in studies of racism and hate speech on social media? To what extent does scholarship draw on critical race perspectives to… 

Figures from this paper

‘The filthy people’: Racism in digital spaces during Covid-19 in the context of South–South migration

Notions of ‘race’ and disease are deeply imbricated across the globe. This article explores the historical, complex entanglements between ‘race’, disease, and dirtiness in the multicultural Chilean

#BlackLivesMatter: Exploring the digital practises of African Australian youth on social media

African Australian diasporic literature has drawn attention to the anti-Black racism Black African young people endure in everyday Australia. By drawing on a multi-method approach consisting of

Ghosts of white methods? The challenges of Big Data research in exploring racism in digital context

The paper explores the potential and limitations of big data for researching racism on social media. Informed by critical data studies and critical race studies, the paper discusses challenges of

Political Implications of Hate Speech Digitalization in a Post-Truth Era: Impact on Emotional Regimes in Digital Conflicts

  • Y. Kolotaev
  • Computer Science
    RUDN Journal of Political Science
  • 2022
This study aims to identify the social mechanisms that make hate speech an instrument in information campaigns and demonstrates that digital platforms and social networks form an environment that accelerates and facilitates the dissemination of hatred in the public space.

Social media, gendered anxiety and disease-related misinformation: discourses in contemporary China’s online anti-African sentiments

The paper finds that three nodal points strongly unite the online anti-African discourse: one, ‘unrestrained and promiscuous’ African men are carrying the viruses, two, ’unchaste’ Chinese women (and occasionally gay men) are receiving the virus, and three, there is unidirectional transmission of these viruses from Africans to Chinese.

The Role of Suspended Accounts in Political Discussion on Social Media: Analysis of the 2017 French, UK and German Elections

Content moderation on social media is at the center of public and academic debate. In this study, we advance our understanding on which type of election-related content gets suspended by social media

Demystifying disinformation shadow economies: fake news work models in Indonesia and the Philippines

ABSTRACT Engaging with the special issue theme of media freedom ‘from below,’ this article contributes ethnographically grounded and comparative research of two democratic Southeast Asian countries

Online hate speech in Belarus: Highlighting the topical issues

Summary Hate speech can be viewed as a form of socio-political conflict that might be considered an inevitable result of the shift of the historical paradigm in the former Soviet republics. In the

How social media users perceive different forms of online hate speech: A qualitative multi-method study

Although many social media users have reported encountering hate speech, differences in the perception between different users remain unclear. Using a qualitative multi-method approach, we

Migrant Racialization on Twitter during a border and a pandemic crisis

This work examines how the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic reshaped the migration debate on Twitter. Through co-hashtag network analysis, time-frequency and content analysis, it shows that the



Contested Publics: Racist Rants, Bystander Action and Social Media Acts of Citizenship

While social media tools enable new kinds of creativity, cultural expression and forms of public, civic and political participation, we often hear more about the harms that arise from instances of

New Media, Old Racisms: Twitter, Miss America, and Cultural Logics of Race

This article examines the phenomenon of racist speech on social media, focusing on the controversy over racist tweets about the first Indian American Miss America, Nina Davuluri. The essay highlights

#SayHerName: a case study of intersectional social media activism

ABSTRACT Social media activism presents sociologists with the opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of how groups form and sustain collective identities around political issues throughout the

Your Privilege Is Trending: Confronting Whiteness on Social Media

Social media activism provides an important space for dialogue and consciousness-raising. Racism, privilege, and inequalities have received considerable attention in social media discussions.

“They Got Filters”: Indigenous Social Media, the Settler Gaze, and a Politics of Hope

Social media technologies have had ambivalent political implications for Indigenous peoples and communities. On one hand, they constitute new horizons toward which settler colonial forces of

Platformed racism: the mediation and circulation of an Australian race-based controversy on Twitter, Facebook and YouTube

ABSTRACT This article proposes the concept ‘platformed racism’ as a new form of racism derived from the culture of social media platforms ‒ their design, technical affordances, business models and

Race and racism in Internet Studies: A review and critique

An analysis of the literature on race and racism in Internet studies in the broad areas of (1) race and the structure of the Internet, (2)race and racism matters in what the authors do online, and (3) race, social control and Internet law.

#Ferguson: Digital protest, hashtag ethnography, and the racial politics of social media in the United States

As thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Ferguson, Missouri, to protest the fatal police shooting of unarmed African American teenager Michael Brown in the summer of 2014, news and

The ‘crisis’ of white hegemony, neonationalist femininities and antiracist feminism