Racial microaggressions in everyday life: implications for clinical practice.

  title={Racial microaggressions in everyday life: implications for clinical practice.},
  author={Derald Wing Sue and Christina M. Capodilupo and Gina C. Torino and Jennifer M Bucceri and Aisha M. B. Holder and Kevin Leo Yabut Nadal and Marta Elena Esquilin},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  volume={62 4},
Racial microaggressions are brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral, or environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults toward people of color. Perpetrators of microaggressions are often unaware that they engage in such communications when they interact with racial/ethnic minorities. A taxonomy of racial microaggressions in everyday life was created through a review of the social psychological… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Enactments of racial microaggression in everyday therapeutic encounters

ABSTRACT Ruptures, including racial microaggressions, are inevitable in therapy. Because they are subtle and subject to alternative explanations, identifying and illustrating racial microaggressions

Subtle and Severe: Microaggressions Among Racially Diverse Sexual Minorities

This phenomenological study chronicles the prevalence and type of microaggressions experienced among a sample of 18 highly educated and racially diverse sexual minorities, 24–65 years of age, to find implications for the development of interventions that can serve clinicians in their therapeutic work with microaggressed sexual minorities across racial diversity.

Experiencing Racial Microaggressions Influences Suicide Ideation Through Perceived Burdensomeness in African Americans

Findings imply that for African American college students, experiencing certain dimensions of racial microaggressions was associated with higher levels of perceived burdensomeness, which in turn was related to increased levels of suicide ideation.

Microaggressions and Social Work Practice, Education, and Research

While blatant forms of racism and discrimination have largely been “condemned” in our society, systematic oppression and racism can be manifested in less obvious forms as microaggressions. The term

Exploring Whites' Recognition of Racial Microaggressions through an Existential Lens

Substantive evidence demonstrates that targets of racial discrimination (i.e., people of color) are acutely aware of racial microaggressions when they occur. Far less research has explored the

Unspoken rules of engagement: navigating racial microaggressions in the academic terrain

Racial microaggressions are brief, everyday interactions that send denigrating messages to people of color because they belong to a racially minoritised group. Compared to more overt forms of racism,

The Injurious Relationship Between Racial Microaggressions and Physical Health: Implications for Social Work

ABSTRACT In recent years, the study of racial microaggressions (or subtle forms of racial discrimination) has increased significantly in the social sciences, particularly highlighting the negative

Cultural humility and racial microaggressions in counseling.

Examination of the occurrence of racial microaggressions in counseling using a large and diverse sample and the association between perceived cultural humility of the counselor and racial microagggressions found client-perceived cultural humility was associated with fewer microagressions experienced in counseling.

Assessing Racial Microaggression Distress in a Diverse Sample

The Racial Microaggression Scale distress subscales may aid health professionals in assessing the distress elicited by different types of microaggressions, and this may facilitate diagnosis and treatment planning in order to provide multiculturally competent care for African American, Latino, and Asian American clients.

Racial microaggressions and daily well-being among Asian Americans.

Data on the prevalence and psychological correlates of everyday racial microaggressions that reflect the Asian American experience and implications for racial microaggression research and clinical practice are presented.



Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate: The Experiences of African American College Students.

Microaggressions are subtle insults (verbal, nonverbal, and/or visual) directed toward people of color, often automatically or unconsciously. Using critical race theory as a framework, the study

Racial microaggressions and the Asian American experience.

There were strong indications that the types of subtle racism directed at Asian Americans may be qualitatively and quantitatively different from other marginalized groups.

Handbook of Multicultural Counseling

Foreword - Thomas A Parham PART ONE: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES Introduction Multicultural Counseling - Morris L Jackson Historical Perspectives Promoting Multiculturalism and

Racism, Mental Health, and Mental Health Practice

In this article, the authors present an interdisciplinary discussion of the multiple dimensions of racism and formulate conceptions of its impact on the formation of healthy personalities. They

Guess Who's Coming to Therapy? Getting Comfortable With Conversations About Race and Ethnicity in Psychotherapy

The ability to conduct psychotherapy effectively with racially and ethnically diverse populations is becoming increasingly important given the changing demographics of this country. Recent estimates

Eliminating Racism: Profiles in Controversy.

1 Introduction.- I. Theoretical Controversies.- 2 Integration and Pluralism.- 3 The Future of Pluralism Revisited.- 4 Symbolic Racism.- 5 Group Conflict, Prejudice, and the Paradox of Contemporary

Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism

The National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) is committed to advocating for the rights of all students to be educated in safe schools and communities free from prejudice and

The concept of race and health status in America.

Reductions in racial disparities in health will ultimately require change in the larger societal institutions and structures that determine exposure to pathogenic conditions, and for all racial or ethnic groups, there needs not only more data but better data.

Using Race and Culture in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Theory and Process

Preface. 1.Introduction. I.WHO ENTERS THE PROCESS? 2.Becoming a Race- and Culture-Sensitive Therapist. 3.Applications of Racial and Cultural Terminology to Therapy. 4.The Sociopolitical Histories of

Why can't we just get along? Interpersonal biases and interracial distrust.

The authors review a series of studies that illustrate how one form of contemporary racial bias of Whites, aversive racism, can shape different perspectives of Blacks and Whites in ways that can