Racial hygiene, active euthanasia, and Julius Hallervorden

@article{Shevell1992RacialHA,
  title={Racial hygiene, active euthanasia, and Julius Hallervorden},
  author={Michael Israel Shevell},
  journal={Neurology},
  year={1992},
  volume={42},
  pages={2214 - 2214}
}
  • M. Shevell
  • Published 1 November 1992
  • Medicine
  • Neurology
“Hallervorden-Spatz disease” represents a distinctive and readily recognizable eponym to neurologists and pediatricians; it denotes a rare, inherited, autosomal recessive disorder tha t is perhaps a neuraxonal dystrophy, characterized by the childhood onset of unrelenting progressive gait disturbance, spasticity, and dementia associated with prominent extrapyramidal signs such as dystonia, chorea, and athetosis.lZ2 Pathologic examination reveals iron deposition in the basal ganglia and widely… 

Julius Hallervorden's wartime activities: implications for science under dictatorship.

Genetic, clinical, and radiographic delineation of Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome.

Patients with atypical disease who had PANK2 mutations were more likely to have prominent speech-related and psychiatric symptoms than patients with classic disease or mutation-negative patients with attypical disease.

Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation: A Cautionary Tale

The pathology comprises neuronal loss, axonal swelling, gliosis and iron deposits in the basal nuclei, disclosed by 'the eye of the tiger' sign on MR imaging.

Neuroscience in Nazi Europe Part I: Eugenics, Human Experimentation, and Mass Murder

  • L. A. Zeidman
  • Medicine
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
  • 2011
This review focuses on neuroscientists not well described in the neurology literature, including Scholz, Ostertag, Schneider, Nachtsheim, and von Weizsäcker.

Change of the Writing-Hand: Unusual Manifestation of Hallervorden-Spatz Disease.

MRI appearance in HSD, revealing bilaterally symmetrical, hyperintense signal changes in the anterior medial globus pallidus, has been termed the „eye of the tiger“ sign (Dashti & Chitsaz 2014).

German Neurology and the ‘Third Reich'

The Nazi state and German neurology provided each other with ‘ resources' at many levels and it was only several generations later that the subject could be approached in an unbiased manner, allowing for comprehensive research projects.

Hans Jacob and brain research on Hamburg “euthanasia” victims

Hans Jacob of Hamburg, a former Nazi party member and the leader of the same laboratory previously run by Alfons Jakob, conducted brain research on victims of so-called euthanasia programs carried out by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime in Germany from 1940 to 1945.

Thirty Neurological Eponyms Associated with the Nazi Era

30 neurological eponyms derived from 29 physicians who lived in the Nazi era are reviewed, among them are victims who were forced out of the country or murdered in concentration camps, protestors who risked their academic careers and often their lives, beneficiaries who published on brains from ‘euthanized’ children, and collaborators who were directly involved in the planning and execution of NS-euthanasia programs.

Naming of syndromes

...

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