Racial hygiene, active euthanasia, and Julius Hallervorden

  title={Racial hygiene, active euthanasia, and Julius Hallervorden},
  author={Michael Israel Shevell},
  pages={2214 - 2214}
  • M. Shevell
  • Published 1 November 1992
  • Medicine
  • Neurology
“Hallervorden-Spatz disease” represents a distinctive and readily recognizable eponym to neurologists and pediatricians; it denotes a rare, inherited, autosomal recessive disorder tha t is perhaps a neuraxonal dystrophy, characterized by the childhood onset of unrelenting progressive gait disturbance, spasticity, and dementia associated with prominent extrapyramidal signs such as dystonia, chorea, and athetosis.lZ2 Pathologic examination reveals iron deposition in the basal ganglia and widely… 

Julius Hallervorden's wartime activities: implications for science under dictatorship.

Genetic, clinical, and radiographic delineation of Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome.

Patients with atypical disease who had PANK2 mutations were more likely to have prominent speech-related and psychiatric symptoms than patients with classic disease or mutation-negative patients with attypical disease.

Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation: A Cautionary Tale

The pathology comprises neuronal loss, axonal swelling, gliosis and iron deposits in the basal nuclei, disclosed by 'the eye of the tiger' sign on MR imaging.

Neuroscience in Nazi Europe Part I: Eugenics, Human Experimentation, and Mass Murder

  • L. A. Zeidman
  • Medicine
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
  • 2011
This review focuses on neuroscientists not well described in the neurology literature, including Scholz, Ostertag, Schneider, Nachtsheim, and von Weizsäcker.

Change of the Writing-Hand: Unusual Manifestation of Hallervorden-Spatz Disease.

MRI appearance in HSD, revealing bilaterally symmetrical, hyperintense signal changes in the anterior medial globus pallidus, has been termed the „eye of the tiger“ sign (Dashti & Chitsaz 2014).

German Neurology and the ‘Third Reich'

The Nazi state and German neurology provided each other with ‘ resources' at many levels and it was only several generations later that the subject could be approached in an unbiased manner, allowing for comprehensive research projects.

Hans Jacob and brain research on Hamburg “euthanasia” victims

Hans Jacob of Hamburg, a former Nazi party member and the leader of the same laboratory previously run by Alfons Jakob, conducted brain research on victims of so-called euthanasia programs carried out by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime in Germany from 1940 to 1945.

Thirty Neurological Eponyms Associated with the Nazi Era

30 neurological eponyms derived from 29 physicians who lived in the Nazi era are reviewed, among them are victims who were forced out of the country or murdered in concentration camps, protestors who risked their academic careers and often their lives, beneficiaries who published on brains from ‘euthanized’ children, and collaborators who were directly involved in the planning and execution of NS-euthanasia programs.

Naming of syndromes




Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome.

• Two siblings with Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome showed striking homotypism and homochronism. Neuropathologic examination and electron microscopic studies were done; neutron activation analysis showed

Pathogenesis of pigment and spheroid formation in Hallervorden‐Spatz syndrome and related disorders

It is suggested that neuromelanin is a late stage in the metabolism of intraneuronal and extraneuronal lipopigments, and its precursors, and relation of peroxidation to the pathogenesis of some related degenerative diseases is proposed.

Racial Hygiene. Medicine Under the Nazis

  • D. Eisenman
  • Biology
    The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1990
This volume could, however, provide the needed background to introduce those who have not been in the genetics arena to the excitement and advantages as well as the pitfalls of the Human Genome Project.

The Nazi hypothermia experiments and unethical research today.

  • M. Angell
  • Political Science
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 1990
Using information from the death camps might be seen as sanctioning the use of results and possibly offsetting the evil of the Nazi experiments.

Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis

This book discusses German Medical journals under the Nazis, the Sterilization Law, and the "Organic Vision" of Nazi Racial Science.

Disorders of Neuronal Migration

  • P. Barth
  • Biology
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
  • 1987
This review is intended to integrate basic knowledge of the field with the accumulated intelligence on a large number of disorders and syndromes that represent the human part of the story.