Racial/ethnic differences in cancer prevention beliefs: applying the health belief model framework.

Abstract

PURPOSE An understanding of each racial/ethnic group's beliefs about cancer prevention is important for designing/implementing interventions to reduce cancer-health disparities. The Health Belief Model was used to examine racial/ethnic differences in beliefs about cancer and cancer prevention. DESIGN The data were from the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey, a biennial, cross-sectional survey using a random-digit-dial telephone frame and a mailing address frame. SETTING A weighted, nationally representative sample of American adults. SUBJECTS The sample consisted of 7452 individuals. MEASURES Model construct variables (perceived susceptibility; perceived severity; perceived benefits; perceived barriers; cues to action; self-efficacy) and race/ethnicity were assessed. ANALYSIS The Rao-Scott χ(2) test and multivariate logistic regression assessed racial/ethnic differences. RESULTS The constructs self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and perceived susceptibility were significantly associated with race/ethnicity. The remaining three constructs were not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis revealed Hispanics were less likely to believe they could lower their chances of getting cancer than did African-Americans and whites. Hispanics, Asians, and African-Americans were more likely to believe they had a lower chance of getting cancer in the future than did whites. CONCLUSION Culturally relevant health education/promotion interventions need to be developed and tailored to (1) empower Hispanics regarding their ability to prevent cancer and (2) educate racial/ethnic minorities about their susceptibility and risk perception for cancer.

DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.120113-QUAN-15

Cite this paper

@article{Davis2013RacialethnicDI, title={Racial/ethnic differences in cancer prevention beliefs: applying the health belief model framework.}, author={Jenna L. Davis and Kyrel L Buchanan and Bernard Lee Green}, journal={American journal of health promotion : AJHP}, year={2013}, volume={27 6}, pages={384-9} }