Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Lifetime Prevalence of Homelessness in the United States

  title={Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Lifetime Prevalence of Homelessness in the United States},
  author={Vincent A. Fusaro and Helen Levy and H. Luke Shaefer},
Homelessness in the United States is often examined using cross-sectional, point-in-time samples. Any experience of homelessness is a risk factor for adverse outcomes, so it is also useful to understand the incidence of homelessness over longer periods. We estimate the lifetime prevalence of homelessness among members of the Baby Boom cohort (n = 6,545) using the 2012 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative survey of older Americans. Our analysis… 
Racial discrimination in the life course of older adults experiencing homelessness: results from the HOPE HOME study
A theoretical model is developed of how elements of structural racism may increase susceptibility to homelessness and the relationships between racial discrimination and homelessness may serve as targets for policies aimed at preventing homelessness.
Racial Inequity and Homelessness: Findings from the SPARC Study
This study examines racial inequities and homelessness in the United States through mixed methods research in eight communities. We compare the race and ethnicity of those experiencing homelessness
Why are black adults over-represented among individuals who have experienced lifetime homelessness? Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition analysis of homelessness among US male adults
The findings highlight the fact that black–white disparities in lifetime homeless risk are associated with socio-structural factors and individual adverse events (eg, traumatic events), and not associated with psychiatric or substance use disorders.
No Place Called Home: Student Homelessness and Structural Correlates
During the 2015–16 school year, 1.3 million students nationwide experienced homelessness. Yet hardships like homelessness represent dynamic rather than static states, and so annual figures understate
Housing Instability and Homeless Program Use Among Veterans: The Intersection of Race, Sex, and Homelessness
ABSTRACT This study describes race/sex differences in housing instability among veterans and examines whether there are disparities in their access of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) homeless
Who Are the Homeless? Centering Anti-Black Racism and the Consequences of Colorblind Homeless Policies
Since first becoming a major social issue in the 1980s, homelessness has been a racialized problem in the United States. Its disproportionate impact on Black Americans is primarily driven by
Invisible intersectionality in measuring vulnerability among individuals experiencing homelessness – critically appraising the VI-SPDAT
ABSTRACT This study applies an intersectional analysis to explore racial and gender differences in a widely used measure of vulnerability while homeless, the VI-SPDAT, among a large community sample.
Everyday discrimination among formerly homeless persons in permanent supportive housing
Everyday discrimination experiences decreased significantly when persons moved from homelessness into PSH, and remained consistently lower across the first year in PSH.
Evaluating the Impact of Vocational Training and Housing Assistance Programs on the Spread and Control of Homelessness in Los Angeles, California
Homelessness is a major socioeconomic issue in the United States with more than half a million individuals homeless on any given night in 2018 (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development). The


Prevalence and Risk of Homelessness Among US Veterans
The findings confirm previous research associating veteran status with higher risk for homelessness and imply that there will be specific health needs among the aging homeless population.
Lifetime and five-year prevalence of homelessness in the United States.
The magnitude of the problem of homelessness is much greater than most previous attempts to enumerate homeless people have led us to believe and requires reconsideration of inferences about the causes.
Risk factors for homelessness: evidence from a population-based study.
Several factors related to childhood experiences of poor family functioning, socioeconomic disadvantage, and separation from parents or caregivers were independently associated with ever being homeless, highlighting the potentially complex service needs of this population.
The Age Structure of Contemporary Homelessness: Evidence and Implications For Public Policy
Assessment of the age composition of the homeless population in New York City and the last three decennial Census enumerations shows diverging trends in aging patterns for single adults and adults in families over the past 20 years.
Mortality among homeless shelter residents in New York City.
For homeless shelter users, chronic homelessness itself compounds the high risk of death associated with disease/disability and intravenous drug use, and interventions must address not only the health conditions of the homeless but also the societal conditions that perpetuate homelessness.
Homelessness, Unsheltered Status, and Risk Factors for Mortality
The need to assertively reach out to vulnerable populations and provide interventions to assist them during their transition could prevent unsheltered homelessness and thereby address increased mortality risk.
The Cost of Homelessness: A Perspective from the United States
> > _ This paper discusses how researchers and others have analyzed the services histories of persons who have experienced homelessness, as well as their imputed costs. This research has been used
Homelessness History Impacts on Health Outcomes and Economic and Risk Behavior Intermediaries: New Insights from Population Data
It is found that persons with a history of adult homelessness have consistently poorer health outcomes as compared to never homeless persons, and that even after accounting for childhood adversity and social assets, adult homelessness remains a consistent and strong predictor of poor health.
Lifetime and five-year prevalence of homelessness in the United States: new evidence on an old debate.
Results showed very high prevalence figures for homelessness, quite close to those found in the earlier survey, and most periods of homelessness were found to last for more than one month and to involve serious deprivations and violent victimization.