Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Birth Outcomes: A Life-Course Perspective

@article{Lu2004RacialAE,
  title={Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Birth Outcomes: A Life-Course Perspective},
  author={M. Lu and N. Halfon},
  journal={Maternal and Child Health Journal},
  year={2004},
  volume={7},
  pages={13-30}
}
  • M. Lu, N. Halfon
  • Published 2004
  • Medicine
  • Maternal and Child Health Journal
Background: In the United States, Black infants have significantly worse birth outcomes than do White infants. The cause of these persisting racial disparities remains unexplained. Most extant studies focus on differential exposures to protective and risk factors during pregnancy, such as current socioeconomic status, maternal risky behaviors, prenatal care, psychosocial stress, or perinatal infections. These risk factors during pregnancy, however, do not adequately account for the disparities… Expand
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