Racial Trauma: Theory, Research, and Healing Introduction to the Special Issue

  title={Racial Trauma: Theory, Research, and Healing Introduction to the Special Issue},
  author={Lillian Comas‐D{\'i}az and Gordon C Nagayama Hall and Helen A. Neville},
  journal={American Psychologist},
Racial trauma, a form of race-based stress, refers to People of Color and Indigenous individuals’ (POCI) reactions to dangerous events and real or perceived experiences of racial discrimination. Such experiences may include threats of harm and injury, humiliating and shaming events, and witnessing racial discrimination toward other POCI. Although similar to posttraumatic stress disorder, racial trauma is unique in that it involves ongoing individual and collective injuries due to exposure and… 
Intersection of Racism and PTSD: Assessment and Treatment of Racial Stress and Trauma
Racial trauma is a severe psychological response to the cumulative traumatic effect of racism. This review synthesizes emerging theoretical and empirical evidence of racial trauma, outlines the
Ethical Considerations for Psychologists Addressing Racial Trauma Experienced by Black Americans
ABSTRACT Recent police brutality has reminded people in the United States of America that racism and discrimination toward Black Americans is still prevalent. Evidence supports the claim that many
The Traumatizing Impact of Racism in Canadians of Colour
While research has identified racial trauma in other contexts, it is often overlooked amongst Canadian society. Racial trauma occurs as a result of an event of racism or cumulative events over time
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The present commentary offers a timely exploration of the racial trauma experienced by Asian, Black, and Latinx communities as it relates to COVID-19. Instances of individual, cultural, and
Racism, Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, and Racial Disparity in the U.S. COVID-19 Syndemic
Abstract The COVID-19 syndemic, with a disproportionately higher adverse impact on communities of color (i.e., COVID-19 infection and death), will likely exacerbate the existing health disparities in
Addressing the “Myth” of Racial Trauma: Developmental and Ecological Considerations for Youth of Color
The Developmental and Ecological Model of Youth Racial Trauma (DEMYth-RT), a conceptual model of how racial stressors manifest to influence the trauma symptomatology of children and adolescents of color, is proposed.
An Intersectional-Contextual Approach to Racial Trauma Exposure Risk and Coping Among Black Youth.
Black youth experience racial discrimination at higher rates than other racial/ethnic groups in the United States. To identify how racism can simultaneously serve as a risk factor for adverse
Historical and Race-Based Trauma: Resilience Through Family and Community
Historical and race-based trauma (HRBT) is a cross-cutting, intergenerational source of adversity that rarely is included in categories of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Unlike ACEs, HRBT is
The Multigenerational Transmission Process of Healing Social Cultural Wounds within the Black community: A Comprehensive Analysis
  • A. Quintero
  • Sociology
    Counseling and Family Therapy Scholarship Review
  • 2020
This article examines the multigenerational transmission process of healing social cultural wounds within the black community. A comprehensive research analysis of slavery, racial trauma and racism
Community Healing and Resistance Through Storytelling: A Framework to Address Racial Trauma in Africana Communities
Racial trauma, an ongoing consequence of historical trauma, has deleterious effects on the well-being of Africana communities. The psychological literature primarily reflects individual processes in


RECASTing Racial Stress and Trauma: Theorizing the Healing Potential of Racial Socialization in Families
How systemic and interpersonal DREs require literate, active, and bidirectional RS to repair from race-based traumatic stress often overlooked by traditional stress and coping models and clinical services is explored.
Healing ethno-racial trauma in Latinx immigrant communities: Cultivating hope, resistance, and action.
The intention and hopeful expectation is that the content presented serves as a call to action for psychologists to make psychology a Sanctuary Discipline by using and integrating intersectionality theory, trauma-informed care, and Liberation Psychology into policy, research, and practice with Latinx immigrants.
A Therapeutic Approach to the Treatment of Racist-Incident-Based Trauma
ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to outline a thematic approach to the clinical treatment of clients who have experienced racial trauma. Using the literature on trauma and racist incidents, the
Healing the Hidden Wounds of Racial Trauma.
youth of color fail in school and become trapped in the pipelines of treatment, social service, and justice systems. This article examines racial trauma and highlights strategies for healing and
Racism and Ethnoviolence as Trauma: Enhancing Professional Training
In trauma theory, research, and practice, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a syndrome of psychobiological reactions to events perceived as cataclysmic or life threatening, often has been the
A model of cumulative racial-ethnic trauma among Americans of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) descent.
This article offers a conceptual model of cumulative racial-ethnic trauma to represent the unique experiences of the MENA American population and discusses how the model can help to create a foundation for future inquiry and contribute to intervention efforts to find effective ways to support resilience and thriving for the MENa American population.
Understanding the Link Between Racial Trauma and Substance Use Among American Indians
Interventions for AIs with substance use disorders, and possibly other chronic health problems, may be more effective if they address social determinants of health such as racial discrimination and historical trauma.
American Indian Historical Trauma: Anticolonial Prescriptions for Healing, Resilience, and Survivance
A conceptual framework was applied to the RT literature to elaborate similar recommendations for advancing RT theory and the interests of ethnic/racial minority populations through engagement with psychology and related health fields.
Racism and Psychological and Emotional Injury
The purpose of this article is to discuss the psychological and emotional effects of racism on people of Color. Psychological models and research on racism, discrimination, stress, and trauma will be
Healing the Soul Wound : Counseling with American Indians and Other Native Peoples
This groundbreaking volume provides invaluable concepts and strategies that can be applied directly to practice; outlines very different ways of serving American Indian clients, translating Western metaphor into indigenous ideas that make sense to Native People.