Racial Profiling or Racist Policing? Bounds Tests in Aggregate Data

@article{HernndezMurillo2004RacialPO,
  title={Racial Profiling or Racist Policing? Bounds Tests in Aggregate Data},
  author={Rub{\'e}n Hern{\'a}ndez-Murillo and John Knowles},
  journal={Criminal Law \& Procedure eJournal},
  year={2004}
}
State-wide reports on police traffic stops and searches summarize very large populations, making them potentially powerful tools for identifying racial bias, particularly when statistics on search outcomes are included. But when the reported statistics conflate searches involving different levels of police discretion, standard tests for racial bias are not applicable. This article develops a model of police search decisions that allows for nondiscretionary searches and derives tests for racial… 
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