Racial Profiling, Statistical Discrimination, and the Effect of a Colorblind Policy on the Crime Rate

@article{Bjerk2007RacialPS,
  title={Racial Profiling, Statistical Discrimination, and the Effect of a Colorblind Policy on the Crime Rate},
  author={David Bjerk},
  journal={LSN: Law \& Economics: Public Law (Topic)},
  year={2007}
}
  • David Bjerk
  • Published 1 June 2007
  • Law
  • LSN: Law & Economics: Public Law (Topic)
This paper develops a model of racial profiling by law enforcement officers when officers observe both an individual's race as well as a noisy signal of his or her guilt that depends on whether or not a crime has been committed. The model shows that given officers observe such a guilt signal, data regarding the guilt rate among those investigated from each race will not be sufficient for determining whether racially unequal investigation rates are due to statistical discrimination or racial… 
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Citizens of two groups may engage in crime, depending on their legal earning opportunities and on the probability of being audited. Police audit citizens. Police behavior is fair if both groups are
Racial Profiling or Racist Policing? Bounds Tests in Aggregate Data
State-wide reports on police traffic stops and searches summarize very large populations, making them potentially powerful tools for identifying racial bias, particularly when statistics on search
Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Additional Theory and Evidence
Knowles, Persico, and Todd (2001) develop a model of police search and offender behavior. Their model implies that if police are unprejudiced the rate of guilt should not vary across groups. Using
Crime versus Justice: Is There a Trade‐Off?*
When society is divided into two groups with different actual or perceived crime rates, maintaining a low crime rate, minimizing the total number of innocent individuals convicted of a crime, and
Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence
Police checking for illegal drugs are much more likely to search the vehicles of African‐American motorists than those of white motorists. This paper develops a model of police and motorist behavior
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My recent book, Inflation Policy and Unemployment Theory, introduces what is called the statistical theory of racial (and sexual) discrimination in the labor market.' The theory fell naturally out of
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! This Interim Report is limited to the examination of the practice commonly referred to as “racial profiling.” The Report specifically focuses on activities of state troopers assigned to patrol the
Will Affirmative-Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes?
A key question concerning affirmative action is whether the labor-market gains it brings to minorities can continue without it becoming a permanent fixture in the labor market. The authors argue that
Culture, Information, and Screening Discrimination
We show that discrimination can occur even when it is common knowledge that underlying group characteristics do not differ and when employers do not prefer same-group candidates. When employers can
The Color of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology, and Fair-Lending Enforcement
In 2000, homeownership in the United States stood at an all-time high of 67.4 percent, but the homeownership rate was more than 50 percent higher for non-Hispanic whites than for blacks or Hispanics.
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