Racial/Ethnic Disparities Related to Health Insurance Coverage, Access to Care and Ease in Health Care Services among Children in 2012 CCHAPS Data

  • Sweety Baidhya
  • Published 2015

Abstract

Importance: Although there is extensive literature on racial/ethnic disparities in access to health care and ease of using health care services, very little is directed towards children. Children’s access to care and ease of using health services is an important indicator for overall children’s health. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine racial/ethnic disparities in unmet medical care, dental care and prescription medications and ease of using heath care services. Methods: This is a cross sectional study of households in a six-county service region in Texas (Tarrant, Johnson, Hood, Parker, Wise and Denton Counties). The participants included the parents/guardians of children aged 1-15 years. In 2012, a total of 8,439 parents completed the survey. In 2012, 4194 completed the version containing the health insurance type and unmet medical, prescription and dental health care and ease/difficulty in access to health care questions. The dependent variables in this study included perceived general health status; use of needed health care and ease/difficulty in access to health care services. Results/Discussion: Disparities exist and a key area to address is the lack of insurance or inconsistency of insurance coverage especially in minorities. Almost 10% of the children in the study population had a lapse of health insurance coverage during the previous 12 months. There was no significant difference between the unmet health care of those with public or private insurance. In addition, racial/ethnic disparities were found in the ease of access to preventive and dental services as well as care for an illness. Conclusions and Relevance: Racial/ethnic disparities were found in the ease of access to preventive and dental services as well as care for an illnesss. It is positive that all parents, regardless of race, expressed that the medical provider communicated well about the child’s health. Solutions to removal of barriers to care should look beyond the location and number or providers to the hours of operation to include evenings and weekends. Language services and acquistion of health insurance are also critical. 119 Racial/Ethnic Disparities Related to Health Insurance Coverage, Access to Care and Ease in Health Care Services among Children in 2012 Baidhya and Meeks Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice Volume 8, Issue 1 Spring 2015 http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/jhdrp/

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Baidhya2015RacialEthnicDR, title={Racial/Ethnic Disparities Related to Health Insurance Coverage, Access to Care and Ease in Health Care Services among Children in 2012 CCHAPS Data}, author={Sweety Baidhya}, year={2015} }