Racial Attributions in the Justice System and Support for Punitive Crime Policies

  title={Racial Attributions in the Justice System and Support for Punitive Crime Policies},
  author={Mark Peffley and Jon Hurwitz and Jeffery J. Mondak},
  journal={American Politics Research},
  pages={1032 - 1058}
How do members of racial groups explain the large disparity in the way Blacks and Whites are treated by the criminal justice system in the United States? And how do such explanations (attributions) influence support for punitive crime control policies in America, as well as arguments against such policies? Our study of the structure, sources, and consequences of racial attributions in the justice system, using original survey data in Washington state, contributes to the literature in several… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Value of Social Control: Racial Resentment, Punitiveness, and White Support for Spending on Law Enforcement

A well-established body of research finds that racial resentment predicts support for punitive criminal justice policy. This article links racial resentment with punitiveness, expanding the existing

The Effect of Exposure to Racialized Cues on White and Black Public Support for Justice Reinvestment

Abstract Racial priming theory predicts that exposure to racialized cues causes whites to express stronger opposition to social policies designed to ameliorate racial disparities. This study uses

Arguing for Criminal Justice Reform: Examining the Effects of Message Framing on Policy Preferences

Abstract Across the U.S., policy makers are enacting criminal justice reform while limiting many of those reforms to low-level, non-violent offenders. Given the power the public wields in shaping

Racial Stereotypes, Extended Criminalization, and Support for Breed-Specific Legislation: Experimental and Observational Evidence

Scholars have long argued that behaviors and objects associated with criminally stereotyped minority groups can themselves become stereotyped and criminalized, leading to increased punitiveness. Yet,

Individuals in Default or the System? Race and Ethnicity, Stratification Views on Legal Debt, and Desire for Escalating Punishment

How do members of racial and ethnic groups explain the origins of unpaid legal debt from monetary sanctions, and how do such attributions undergird group differences in support for policy responses

Criminological Explanations, Race, and Biological Attributions of Crime as Predictors of Philadelphia Area Residents’ Support for Criminal Justice Policies

This study used telephone surveys from 350 randomly sampled Philadelphians to examine whether attributing crime to individual and environmental causes predicted support for punitive and progressive


OF DISSERTATION BETTER DEVILS OF OUR NATURE: THE ROLE OF VIOLENCE-JUSTIFYING IDEOLOGIES IN OPINION FORMATION Extensive theoretical and empirical research has examined the role that violencejustifying

Sexual Identities and Racial Attitudes among Black, Latinx, and White Individuals

  • E. Swank
  • Psychology, Sociology
    Journal of Bisexuality
  • 2019
Abstract Some recent studies suggest that lesbians, gay men, and bisexual people are generally more racially progressive than heterosexuals. However, the findings of these “political distinctiveness”

Are Racial and Educational Inequities in Mass Incarceration Perceived to be a Social Problem? Results from an Experiment

The disproportionate incarceration of certain groups, racial minorities, and the less educated constitutes a social problem from the perspective of both policy makers and researchers. One aspect

Asymmetric Compassion Collapse, Collateral Consequences, and Reintegration: An Experiment

Abstract Public opinion is doubly important for reintegration, as it shapes both the policy and the stigma environments that people with criminal records must face. Nowhere are the policy and stigma



Racial Discrimination, Fear of Crime, and Variability in Blacks’ Preferences for Punitive and Preventative Anti-crime Policies

A growing body of research recognizes that people’s policy opinions are not simply positive or negative, but instead derive from a variety of positive and negative beliefs related to a political

A TASTE FOR PUNISHMENT: Black and White Americans' Views on the Death Penalty and the War on Drugs

It is commonly accepted that Black and White Americans hold divergent views about the criminal justice system. Furthermore, many accept the view that U.S. public opinion is unflinchingly punitive

White Perceptions of Whether African Americans and Hispanics are Prone to Violence and Support for the Death Penalty

Objective: To explore whether the impact of racial and ethnic pejorative stereotypes and prejudice on White support for the death penalty changes over time. Methods: The data were drawn from the 1990

Why Do White Americans Support the Death Penalty?

This article explores the roots of white support for capital punishment in the United States. Our analysis addresses individual-level and contextual factors, paying particular attention to how racial

The Political Consequences of Latino Prejudice against Blacks.

Using two nationally representative survey data sets, it is found that the level of racial prejudice is comparable for Latinos and non-Hispanic whites, and associations between prejudice and political preferences are equally comparable.

On Assessing the Political Effects of Racial Prejudice

There is still no broad consensus on the extent to which racial prejudice influences white Americans' political attitudes, in part because of an ongoing dispute over the nature and measurement of

Why Americans Hate Welfare: Race, Media, and the Politics of Antipoverty Policy

Drawing on surveys of public attitudes and analyses of more than 40 years of television and newsmagazine stories on poverty, this book demonstrates how public opposition to welfare is fed by a potent

Justice in America: The Separate Realities of Blacks and Whites

1. Introduction 2. Racial bias in the justice system: reality and perception 3. The role of fairness 4. The consequences of fairness: polarized reactions to police brutality and racial profiling 5.

The puzzling neglect of Hispanic Americans in research on police–citizen relations

Most studies of police–minority relations in America focus on blacks, usually in comparison with whites. This pattern is particularly puzzling in light of the growing population of Hispanic Americans

Persuasion and Resistance: Race and the Death Penalty in America

Although there exists a large and well-documented “race gap” between whites and blacks in their support for the death penalty, we know relatively little about the nature of these differences and how