Racial/Ethnic and Sex Representation in US-Based Clinical Trials of Hearing Loss Management in Adults: A Systematic Review.

@article{Pittman2021RacialEthnicAS,
  title={Racial/Ethnic and Sex Representation in US-Based Clinical Trials of Hearing Loss Management in Adults: A Systematic Review.},
  author={Corinne A. Pittman and Ra{\'u}l Roura and Carrie L. Price and Frank R Lin and Nicole L Marrone and Carrie L. Nieman},
  journal={JAMA otolaryngology-- head \& neck surgery},
  year={2021}
}
Importance Although the National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandated the inclusion and reporting of women and racial or ethnic minority groups in NIH-funded research in 1993, little is known regarding the representation of women and racial or ethnic minority groups in trials that investigate hearing loss management. Objective To assess sex and racial/ethnic representation in US-based clinical trials of hearing loss management in an adult population. Data Sources Pertinent studies were… 
2 Citations
Evidence-Based Medicine in Otolaryngology, Part XIII: Health Disparities Research and Advancing Health Equity.
TLDR
Understanding the data and practices related to disparities research may help promote an evidence-based approach to care of individual patients and populations, with the potential to eventually surmount the negative effects of health care disparities.
COVID-19 Disparities and Vaccine Hesitancy in Black Americans: What Ethical Lessons Can Be Learned?
  • Nicolás Restrepo, H. Krouse
  • Medicine
    Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • 2021
TLDR
Bioethical considerations can be applied in otolaryngology and other health-related areas to aid the public in making informed medical decisions regarding treatments, which may reduce health inequalities among Black Americans and other racial and ethnic minority groups.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Sex and race/ethnicity reporting in clinical trials: a necessity, not an option.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that women and people of color continue to be underrepresented in clinical trials and that sex and race=ethnicity-specific results are still infrequently reported, which limits the ability to establish appropriate guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of a multitude of diseases.
Diversity in Dermatology Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review
TLDR
To characterize and assess the representation of racial and ethnic minorities and women in randomized controlled trials across a range of dermatologic conditions, randomized clinical trials between July 2010 and July 2015 were identified within the PubMed database.
Hearing Aid Prevalence and Factors Related to Use Among Older Adults From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
TLDR
Hearing aid prevalence estimates among included Hispanic/Latino adults would be less than recently published estimates of the general US population, and poorer hearing, higher perceived need, older age, and higher acculturation would be associated with hearing aid use.
Enrollment of Older Patients, Women, and Racial and Ethnic Minorities in Contemporary Heart Failure Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review
TLDR
In contemporary HF trials, older patients and women are consistently underrepresented and race/ethnicity data are reported in less than half of trials; when reported, such data show that enrollment of nonwhite patients increased over time.
Hearing loss prevalence and risk factors among older adults in the United States.
TLDR
Hearing loss is prevalent in nearly two thirds of adults aged 70 years and older in the U.S. population and the epidemiological and physiological basis for the protective effect of black race against hearing loss is needed to determine the role of hearing aids in those with a mild hearing loss.
Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Hearing Health Care Among Older Americans
TLDR
Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities exist in hearing health care and represent critical areas for research and intervention and based on a multivariate analysis, Blacks were not more likely than Whites to use hearing aids despite being more likely to have had recent hearing testing.
Prevalence of Hearing Loss by Severity in the United States.
TLDR
Estimates of the age- and severity-specific prevalence of hearing impairment in the United States can inform national public health initiatives on hearing loss and help guide policy recommendations currently being discussed at the Institute of Medicine and the White House.
Disparity of Race Reporting and Representation in Clinical Trials Leading to Cancer Drug Approvals From 2008 to 2018.
TLDR
Race and race subgroup analysis reporting occurs infrequently, and black and Hispanic races are consistently underrepresented compared with their burden of cancer incidence in landmark trials that led to FDA oncology drug approvals.
The Representation of Gender and Race/Ethnic Groups in Randomized Clinical Trials of Individuals with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
TLDR
RCTs among SLE patients need larger sample sizes in order to evaluate heterogeneity in outcomes among racial subgroups and it is imperative that novel strategies be developed to recruit racial minorities with SLE by identifying and improving barriers to RCT enrollment.
Hearing loss and hearing aid use in Hispanic adults: results from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
TLDR
Investigation of the prevalence of hearing loss and hearing aid use in Mexican- American, Cuban-American, and Puerto Rican adults found Cuban Americans and Mexican Americans tended to have a similar prevalence of Hearing loss, whereas Puerto Ricans had markedly lower rates.
...
1
2
3
...