Race as a Moderator of Associations Between Spanking and Child Outcomes.

@article{Gershoff2016RaceAA,
  title={Race as a Moderator of Associations Between Spanking and Child Outcomes.},
  author={Elizabeth T. Gershoff and Andrew C Grogan-Kaylor},
  journal={Family relations},
  year={2016},
  volume={65 3},
  pages={
          490-501
        }
}
The cultural normativeness perspective argues that parenting practices such as spanking are more beneficial for children when they occur in cultural groups within which they are normative. Research on this issue in the United States has focused on race as a marker of culture, and findings have been mixed. The present study presents meta-analyses of five studies that reported effect sizes separately for White (n = 11,814) and Black (n = 3,065) American children (5 to 14 years of age). Mean… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Using Bayesian analysis to examine associations between spanking and child externalizing behavior across race and ethnic groups.
TLDR
Evidence is added from a new analytical lens that corporal punishment is consistently linked to increased externalizing behavior across African American, White, or Hispanic children, even after earlier externalizingbehavior is controlled for. Expand
Does Race/Ethnicity Moderate the Associations between Neighborhood and Parenting Processes on Early Behavior Problems?
Research suggests that corporal punishment and growing up in socially disorganized neighborhoods may have differential effects on children of color compared to White children. We test this idea byExpand
Does community violence exposure moderate the associations between maternal spanking and early child behavior problems?
A robust research literature links parental spanking with negative behavioral outcomes for children, however, it remains unclear whether conditions in the community may moderate the associationsExpand
To Unfold the Immigrant Paradox: Maltreatment Risk and Mental Health of Racial-Ethnic Minority Children
TLDR
Hispanic and Black children with immigrant parents were less likely to be physically or psychologically abused than their peers of native-born at ages 4–5, which translated into mental health advantages of children of immigrants at age 9. Expand
Racial Discrimination as a Risk Factor for African American Men’s Physical Partner Violence: A Longitudinal Test of Mediators and Moderators
TLDR
It is demonstrated that anger and hostile attribution bias mediate the association between racial discrimination and IPV perpetration. Expand
An Individual Growth Model Analysis of Childhood Spanking on Change in Externalizing Behaviors During Adolescence: A Comparison of Whites and African Americans Over a 12-Year Period
This study examines the long-term effect of corporal punishment on children’s externalizing behaviors, and race differences in this relationship, using 12 years of prospective data from 1,075Expand
Cultural Differences in the Association of Harsh Parenting with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis
The goal of the present meta-analysis was to compare associations of harsh parenting with internalizing and externalizing symptoms across regions of the globe and ethnic groups, and to search forExpand
Corporal Punishment and Child Aggression: Ethnic-Level Family Cohesion as a Moderator
TLDR
Examining whether the effect of corporal punishment on aggression is ethnic-specific using major racial groups inside and outside the U.S. samples and how the mean levels of cohesion in family relationships as found in different ethnic groups moderate the association between mothers’ use of Corporal punishment and children’s aggression revealed a significant variation in the association, and the variation was explained by ethnic-level family cohesion. Expand
Household economic hardship as a moderator of the associations between maternal spanking and child externalizing behavior problems.
TLDR
For higher-income families, the associations of maternal spanking with child externalizing behavior problems may be attenuated as child age increases, and regardless of income level, parents should be advised against spanking. Expand
Child externalizing behavior in context: Associations of mother nonstandard work, parenting, and neighborhoods
Abstract Background Parenting styles and neighborhood dynamics are key predictors of youth externalizing behavior. However, other contextual factors, such as parents’ work-related stress and parents’Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 74 REFERENCES
Longitudinal links between spanking and children's externalizing behaviors in a national sample of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American families.
TLDR
Early spanking predicted increases in children's externalizing while early child externalizing elicited more spanking over time across all race/ethnic groups, including White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American families. Expand
Factors affecting the link between physical discipline and child externalizing problems in Black and White families
We examined contextual factors that may affect the impact of physical discipline on later child behavior problems among high-risk Black and White families. We examined race, parental warmth, andExpand
Toward a developmental-contextual model of the effects of parental spanking on children's aggression.
TLDR
For most children, claims that spanking teaches aggression seem unfounded, and further efforts to identify moderators of the effects of spanking on children's adjustment are necessary. Expand
Parent discipline practices in an international sample: associations with child behaviors and moderation by perceived normativeness.
TLDR
Associations of 11 discipline techniques with children's aggressive and anxious behaviors in an international sample of mothers and children from 6 countries revealed that mothers' use of corporal punishment, expressing disappointment, and yelling were significantly related to more child aggression symptoms, while some moderation of these associations was found for children's perceptions of normativeness. Expand
Externalizing Behavior Problems and Discipline Revisited: Nonlinear Effects and Variation by Culture, Context, and Gender
Debate continues regarding the magnitude and importance ofparenting effects on the development of children's externalizing behavior problems, in spite of the evidence that environments (as well asExpand
Physical discipline and children's adjustment: cultural normativeness as a moderator.
TLDR
Interviews were conducted with mother-child dyads in China, India, Italy, Kenya, the Philippines, and Thailand to examine whether normativeness of physical discipline moderates the link between mothers' use of physical Discipline and children's adjustment. Expand
Ethnic differences in the link between physical discipline and later adolescent externalizing behaviors.
TLDR
This study examined race as a moderator of the link between physical discipline and adolescent externalizing behavior problems, extending previous research beyond childhood into adolescence and considering physical discipline at multiple points in time. Expand
Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: Links to children's externalizing behaviors.
The aim of this study was to test whether the relation between physical discipline and child aggression was moderated by ethnic-group status. A sample of 466 European American and 100 AfricanExpand
Bidirectional Associations between Parenting Practices and Conduct Problems in Boys from Childhood to Adolescence: The Moderating Effect of Age and African-American Ethnicity
TLDR
While corporal punishment was more strongly related to changes in teacher-reported conduct problems for African-American boys compared to Caucasian boys, more similarities than differences were found between the ethnic groups in terms of the bidirectional associations examined. Expand
To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment
This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriateExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...