Race and place: The ecology of racial profiling African American motorists

  title={Race and place: The ecology of racial profiling African American motorists},
  author={Albert J. Meehan and Michael C. Ponder},
  journal={Justice Quarterly},
  pages={399 - 430}
We propose an ecological dimension to racial profiling by comparing the distribution of drivers on the roadways with officers' proactive surveillance and stop behavior in a predominantly white suburban community bordering a predominantly African American community. African Americans are subject to significant racial profiling, as reflected in disproportionate surveillance and stopping by the police when driving through whiter areas. Officers' behavior is not explained by African Americans… 
Lines and shadows: Perceptions of racial profiling and the Hispanic experience
Factors relating to the perception that racial profiling was widespread, justified, and personally experienced were examined and findings were grounded within the literature on police-citizen relations and racial profiling.
Black or Blue: Racial Profiling and Representative Bureaucracy
Are there conditions under which minority bureaucrats are less likely to provide active representation? The authors address this question by testing the link between passive and active representation
Are Minorities Subjected to, or Insulated from, Racialized Policing in Majority–Minority Community Contexts?
Racial conflict theories suggest that racialized policing should wane in areas where people of colour are the majority and Whites, the minority. This article examines community-level predictors of
Shades of Brown
Abstract The recent wave of research examining racial profiling by the police has yet to examine potential differences from an intra-ethnic perspective. In addition, few studies have supplemented the
Neighborhood racial context and perceptions of police‐based racial discrimination among Black youth
Renewed interest has occurred in the United States around racially biased policing. Unfortunately, little is known about the effects of neighborhood social context on black adolescents' experiences
Racial Profiling and Postmodern Society
Racial profiling is among the most important challenges to the legitimacy of law enforcement agencies in the United States. In response to concerns about racial profiling, police departments have
Legislative and Court Decisions That Promulgated Racial Profiling
Racial profiling is not confined to the illegal practices of targeting, questioning, and arresting minority group members by law enforcement officials because of their involvement in criminal
Is There Racial Discrimination in Police Stop-and-Searches of Black Youth? A Toronto Case Study
Our study investigated racial profiling of Black youth in Toronto and linked this racial profiling to urban disadvantage theory, which highlights neighbourhood-level processes. Our findings provide
Searches: An Understudied Area of Racial Profiling
Racial profiling is an important issue in contemporary policing. Racial profiling research has primarily involved two things: (1) examining traffic stop data, and (2) using a benchmark or baseline in
Race/Ethnicity as the Defining Characteristic of Policing in the U.S.
The lasting salience of racial discrimination and inequality in the U.S. has produced a cumulative disadvantage for the members of many racial/ethnic minority groups, disadvantages which Whites


Race, Class, and Perceptions of Discrimination by the Police
Previous research has shown that Blacks are more likely than Whites to hold unfavorable opinions of criminal justice agencies in America, but the literature has rarely examined whether social class
Gatekeepers and Homeseekers: Institutional Patterns in Racial Steering
Racial patterns in housing are a paradox of continued segregation in spite of apparent liberalization of white attitudes. This paper explores the problem by examining the role of real estate agents,
Racialized Policing: Residents' Perceptions in Three Neighborhoods
One of the most controversial issues in policing concerns allegations of racial bias. This article examines citizens' perceptions of racialized policing in three neighborhoods in Washington, D.C.,
The Continuing Significance of Race : Antiblack Discrimination in Public Places
Much literature on contemporary U.S. racial relations tends to view black middle-class life as substantially free of traditional discrimination. Drawing primarily on 37 in-depth interviews with black
Crime and Racial Profiling by U.S. Police: Is There an Empirical Basis?
The disparity between public sensibilities and empirical data in the United States has become so extreme that certain topics can no longer be investigated without bringing down cries of "racism". The
Equity and Discretionary Justice: The Influence of Race on Police Arrest Decisions
This paper examines the degree to which race influences police arrest decisions. Two types of possible racial bias are examined. The first, most often addressed in previous research, is
Abstract Race-based conflict theory predicts substantial, institutionalized discrimination against minorities within criminal justice systems. This article examines the nature and extent of racial
Minority Proximity to Whites in Suburbs: An Individual-Level Analysis of Segregation
A novel method for location analysis at the individual level is used to analyze the determinants of proximity to non-Hispanic whites separately for Asians, blacks, Hispanics, and for non-Hispanic
An impression formation framework on police prejudice: an overview of experiments on perceptual bias in police-citizen interaction
Police officers assess black citizens more negatively than white citizens. An overview of studies is reported examining the impact of race, beliefs and nonverbal behaviors on police officers'
American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass
This article argues that racial segregation is crucial to explaining the emergence of the urban underclass during the 1970s. A strong interaction between rising rates of poverty and high levels of