Race, breast cancer subtypes, and survival in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study.

  title={Race, breast cancer subtypes, and survival in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study.},
  author={Lisa Anne Carey and Charles M. Perou and Chad Livasy and Lynn G. Dressler and David W. Cowan and Kathleen Conway and Gamze F. Karaca and Melissa A. Troester and Chiu Kit Tse and Sharon N. Edmiston and Sandra L. Deming and Joseph Geradts and Maggie Chon U Cheang and Torsten O. Nielsen and Patricia G. Moorman and H. Shelton Earp and Robert C. Millikan},
  volume={295 21},
CONTEXT Gene expression analysis has identified several breast cancer subtypes, including basal-like, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positive/estrogen receptor negative (HER2+/ER-), luminal A, and luminal B. OBJECTIVES To determine population-based distributions and clinical associations for breast cancer subtypes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Immunohistochemical surrogates for each subtype were applied to 496 incident cases of invasive breast cancer from the Carolina Breast… 

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