Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Health The Added Effects of Racism and Discrimination

@article{WILLIAMS1999RaceSS,
  title={Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Health The Added Effects of Racism and Discrimination},
  author={DAVID R. WILLIAMS},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={1999},
  volume={896}
}
  • DAVID R. WILLIAMS
  • Published 1 December 1999
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Abstract: Higher disease rates for blacks (or African Americans) compared to whites are pervasive and persistent over time, with the racial gap in mortality widening in recent years for multiple causes of death. Other racial/ethnic minority populations also have elevated disease risk for some health conditions. This paper considers the complex ways in which race and socioeconomic status (SES) combine to affect health. SES accounts for much of the observed racial disparities in health… 
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