Race, Place, and Biography at Play

  title={Race, Place, and Biography at Play},
  author={Michelle R. Jacobs},
  journal={Journal of Sport \& Social Issues},
  pages={322 - 345}
Critical to the Indian mascot debate is the question of whether American Indians support their use. My research describes the diverse viewpoints of Northeast (NE) Ohio Natives, who live in a region with a prominent Indian mascot. I also explore a biographical pattern that maps onto respondents’ perspectives. Natives who lived in the urban setting exclusively (urban only) are less likely to resist romantic portrayals of Indianness, such as those conveyed by Indian mascots. Natives who lived on… Expand
Resisting and reifying racialization among urban American Indians
ABSTRACT This paper looks at the internalization and strategic utilization of racialized ideas about “Indianness” among urban American Indians (AIs). Based on 2½ years of ethnographic research in twoExpand
Urban American Indian Identity: Negotiating Indianness in Northeast Ohio
The number of people identifying as American Indian has increased exponentially in recent decades and the largest increases have occurred in non-reservation environments. Demographic research showsExpand
Reservation Lands as a Protective Social Factor: An Analysis of Psychological Distress among Two American Indian Tribes
Using survey data from two American Indian tribes, it is found that individuals who live a vast majority of their lives on the reservation have lower odds of psychological distress than individuals who spent portions of their life off or near the reservation. Expand
The psychosocial effects of Native American mascots: a comprehensive review of empirical research findings
ABSTRACT Approximately 2,000 teams in the U.S. utilize Native American mascots, the majority of which are associated with schools. Across the nation there continue to be many intense conflicts overExpand
Growing up on a reservation and American Indians’ political attitudes
ABSTRACT This article explores whether American Indians in the United States who grew up on reservations differ from other American Indians in their political attitudes. Since growing up on aExpand
Confronting Institutional Discrimination in a Color-Blind World
This article builds on the scholarship on color-blind ideology by examining discourse challenging two cases of institutional discrimination (the criminalization of unauthorized immigrants and sportsExpand
What’s in a Name? Symbolic Racism, Public Opinion, and the Controversy over the NFL’s Washington Football Team Name
According to Daniel Snyder, owner of the National Football League Team formerly known as the Washington “Redskins,” “the name really means honor and respect.” For decades, Snyder pointed to pollsExpand
More Than a Checklist: Meaningful Indigenous Inclusion in Higher Education
Since the 1970s there has been increased focus by institutions, government, and Indigenous nations on improving Aboriginal peoples participation and success in Canadian higher education; howeverExpand
Are Indigenous Americans unique in their voting in US national elections?
Indigenous Americans are unique in the American political landscape. They are citizens of sovereign tribal nations as well as the US. The relationship of the tribes and their citizens with the US h...
Historical Racism and the Daily Show: Catching racism clip


The Cleveland “Indians”: A Case Study in American Indian Cultural Dispossession
The purpose of this paper is to trace the tangled web of relationships between and among European-American notions of property, individual and group possessory rights, and the role societalExpand
The Mascot Slot
Caricatures of American Indians that would not now be tolerated if they portrayed other racial or ethnic groups are institutionalized in school, university, and professional sport teams andExpand
Protest Against The Use of Native American Mascots: a Challenge to Traditional American Identity
This paper is focused on discourse associated with the recent social movement to eliminate the use of Native American mascots in the United States. The researcher analyzed the recent Super Bowl andExpand
Of Polls and Race Prejudice
This article offers a collaborative review of the article “The Indian Wars”from the March 4, 2002, issue of Sports Illustrated that purported to present novel scientific findings regarding theExpand
Fighting Spirits
This article explores the racial politics of sports mascots through a comparative account of the uses of Indianness at Florida State University and the centrality of Confederate symbols at theExpand
Privilege at Play
Using legal scholar Felix Cohen’s philosophy of Indian rights, this article provides a broad interpretive analysis of the American Indian sport imagery issue. The article begins with an introductionExpand
Sociological Perspectives on American Indians
The sociology of American Indians incorporates perspectives from across the social sciences. Recently, sociologists have taken a greater interest in American Indians, perhaps because American IndiansExpand
“I’m Indian Too!”
The author examines the ways in which people who are not “ethnically Indian” have, nevertheless, strategically claimed Indianness to argue in favor of Native American mascots. The selective (mis)useExpand
Native Images in Schools and the Racially Hostile Environment
This essay addresses the legal standards for the application of the racially hostile environment regulations to schools that have American Indian mascots. Expand
Eliminating Native American Mascots
Many scholars have written about the problems with Native American mascots. Yet no scholar has systematically studied what factors affect the outcomes of struggles over Native American mascots. InExpand