Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality, and Women’s Political Consciousness of Gender

  title={Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality, and Women’s Political Consciousness of Gender},
  author={Catherine E. Harnois},
  journal={Social Psychology Quarterly},
  pages={365 - 386}
  • C. Harnois
  • Published 23 November 2015
  • Sociology
  • Social Psychology Quarterly
Existing research emphasizes the importance of group identification and perceived similarity in the development of group consciousness. Intersectionality suggests that for many women, a political consciousness of gender may also stem from experiences with race, ethnicity, and sexuality and may be interconnected with a consciousness of other forms of inequality. This study analyzes data from a recent national survey to investigate how race, ethnicity, and sexuality intersect with women’s… 

Tables from this paper

Intersectional Masculinities and Gendered Political Consciousness: How Do Race, Ethnicity and Sexuality Shape Men’s Awareness of Gender Inequality and Support for Gender Activism?
Gendered political consciousness refers to having an awareness of gender inequality, viewing this inequality as illegitimate, and supporting collective efforts to bring about greater gender equality.
Americans’ Gender Attitudes at the Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Gender
It is argued that the intersection between sexual orientation and gender produces unique lived experiences that produce gendered sexual orientation gaps in worldviews, which are partially explained by LGB Americans’ liberal political ideology and heightened awareness of homophobic discrimination.
Gender Linked Fate, Race/Ethnicity, and the Marriage Gap in American Politics
In this study, we explore the predictors of gender linked fate with a focus on marital status for different racial/ethnic groups. We argue that marriage alters women’s perceptions of self-interest by
Understanding Feminist Activism among Women: Resources, Consciousness, and Social Networks
This study examines whether women’s feminist activism is connected to three key factors: sufficient educational and financial resources, the internalization of a feminist consciousness, and being
The political distinctiveness of gays and lesbians: explaining protest actions across sexual identities
ABSTRACT This study explores the relationship between people’s sexual identities and their tendencies to join political protests. When analyzing American National Election surveys from 2012 (n =
“All the Gays Are Liberal?” Sexuality and Gender Gaps in Political Perspectives among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Mostly Heterosexual, and Heterosexual College Students in the Southern USA
Despite the stereotype that “all the gays are liberal,” sexual identity (sexual orientation) has largely been overlooked in explorations of political attitudes save a handful of studies. The existing
Shared Identities: Intersectionality, Linked Fate, and Perceptions of Political Candidates
Scholars of gender and race have long acknowledged the importance that descriptive representation plays for marginalized groups, if not substantively than symbolically. Yet, as candidate pools
Sexual identities and participation in liberal and conservative social movements.
  • E. Swank
  • Sociology
    Social science research
  • 2018
Who Voted for Hillary Clinton? Sexual Identities, Gender, and Family Influences
ABSTRACT Sexual identities can influence political attitudes and actions. During political elections, gay men, lesbians, and bisexual individuals (GLB) have historically aligned with Democratic
Political Difference in Marriage: Wife’s Gender Linked Fate and Relational Conflict
ABSTRACT Increasing political polarization and growing animus toward political outgroup members may strain marriages in which spouses express political differences. For heterosexual married couples,


The Intersection of Race and Gender: Examining the Politics of Identity in Women's Studies
Although race and gender are often treated as discrete dimensions of social identity, their conceptualization as intersecting categories has become central in some feminist critiques of existing
Research on the intersection of race and gender suggests that, for African Americans, racial inequality is more salient than gender inequality. However, theoretical perspectives on the multiplicative
Women's Gender Consciousness
Four dimensions of group consciousness that figure prominently in relative deprivation and resource mobilization/solidarity theories of social movements were measured in three national cross-section
Race, gender, and attitudes toward gender stratification
This paper addresses the intersection of race and gender in contemporary American society by exploring how one aspect of gender relations, the degree of agreement between men and women in their
Use of an Intersectional Framework to Understand Black Women’s Racial and Gender Identities
Eighty-nine black women’s racial and gender identities were examined within an intersectional framework that emphasized their unique integration of these identities. Quantitative analyses indicated
Sexual-Minority College Women's Experiences with Discrimination: Relations with Identity and Collective Action 1 2
This study examined sexual-minority women's reports of sexism, heterosexism, and gendered heterosexism (discrimination that is both sexist and heterosexist) as predictors of social identity and
Racial and Ethnic Variations in Gender-Related Attitudes
Research on how gender-related attitudes vary across racial/ethnic groups has produced contradictory results, depending upon the type of attitudes addressed. In this chapter, I review the literature
Racial and Gender Consciousness Among African-American Women: Sources and Consequences
Abstract African-American women face discrimination on the bases of both race and gender, and scholars have argued that their double status disadvantage should predispose them to high levels of group
Properties of gender identity and their implications for gender consciousness
Three properties of gender identity—perceived similarity to other women, sense of common fate and centrality of gender to the sense of self—were measured in national surveys of women in the United
Race, Gender, and the Black Women’s Standpoint
Hill Collins (1997, 1998, 2000) argues that because of their position within the intersecting hierarchies of race, gender, and class, black women as a group possess a "unique angle of vision" on the