Rabies

@article{GmezAlonso1998Rabies,
  title={Rabies},
  author={Juan G{\'o}mez-Alonso},
  journal={Neurology},
  year={1998},
  volume={51},
  pages={856 - 859}
}
In the 18th century, belief in vampires-allegedly dead persons who left their graves and killed people and animals-raised great concern in the Balkans and an extensive debate in Europe. This historic phenomenon still awaits a comprehensive explanation. This article proposes that rabies may have played a key role in the development of the vampire legend, given the coincident time of the phenomena and the striking similarities between them.