REVERSAL OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNOEA BY CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE APPLIED THROUGH THE NARES

@article{Sullivan1981REVERSALOO,
  title={REVERSAL OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNOEA BY CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE APPLIED THROUGH THE NARES},
  author={ColinE. Sullivan and Michael Berthon-Jones and Faiq G. Issa and Lorraine Eves},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1981},
  volume={317},
  pages={862-865}
}
Five patients with severe obstructive sleep apnoea were treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) applied via a comfortable nose mask through the nares. Low levels of pressure (range 4.5-10 cm H2O) completely prevented upper airway occlusion during sleep in each patient and allowed an entire night of uninterrupted sleep. Continuous positive airway pressure applied in this manner provides a pneumatic splint for the nasopharyngeal airway and is a safe, simple treatment for the… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
The purpose of this study is to determine whether 3-week of SPA therapy improves sleep apnea in patients with chronic venous insufficiency and concomitant Obstructive Sleep Apnea… Expand
ConditionsChronic Venous Insufficiency, Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
InterventionOther
Alternative treatment of obstructive sleep apnea: nasal-CPAP continuous positive airway pressure.
  • J. Ovesen
  • Medicine
  • Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum
  • 1992
TLDR
Irregular pulse, fluctuations in blood pressure, increased levels of catecholamines recorded during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea are normalised during CPAP treatment, resulting in a patent airway, free regular breathing during sleep with no oxygen desaturations and normal sleep architecture. Expand
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Nasal continuous positive airway pressure is a safe, non-invasive treatment, which may be used in the presence of cardiac and respiratory failure and can be used at home on a long term basis. Expand
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Treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was attempted in a patient with severe obstructive sleep apnea. However, application of nasal CPAP gave the patient a feeling of beingExpand
Problems in the Application of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Hypoxemia During Sleep on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment
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Nasal continuous positive airway pressure as a treatment for obstructive sleep apneas (OSA) was first described 5 years ago and its efficacy has been confirmed by many authors while others have stressed the problems they have encountered with this technique. Expand
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Application of nasal continuous positive airway pressure through a modified nasal nitrous mask using a ball-valve resistor resulted in reduction of occlusive apnea to 1.17 episodes per hour of sleep and marked improvement in the quality of sleep. Expand
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The first part of this review will concentrate on conventional fixed-pressure CPAP therapy with the second portion of this chapter focussing on newer technological advancements in the delivery of positive pressure therapy. Expand
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In the patients series, males responded better to NCPAP than females and, in a small number of patients, it does not correct the apneas. Expand
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Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains the treatment of choice for patients with obstructive sleep apnea and research explored other mechanisms and confirmed this notion and showed that CPAP can increase upper airway volume by ∼20%. Expand
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  • Medicine
  • Otolaryngologic clinics of North America
  • 2007
TLDR
Current indications for CPAP, including those for mild obstructive sleep apnea, will need to be revisited when results from the longitudinal follow-up of the Wisconsin Cohort and the Sleep Heart Health Study are made available. Expand
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