RETHINKING TOKENISM:

@article{Yoder1991RETHINKINGT,
  title={RETHINKING TOKENISM:},
  author={Janice D. Yoder},
  journal={Gender \& Society},
  year={1991},
  volume={5},
  pages={178 - 192}
}
  • J. Yoder
  • Published 1 June 1991
  • Political Science
  • Gender & Society
The purpose of this article is to assess Rosabeth Moss Kanter's work on tokenism in light of more than a decade of research and discussion. While Kanter argued that performance pressures, social isolation, and role encapsulation were the consequences of disproportionate numbers of women and men in a workplace, a review of empirical data concludes that these outcomes occur only for token women in gender-inappropriate occupations. Furthermore, Kanter's emphasis on number balancing as a social… 

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