author={Iris Marion Young},
  journal={Social Philosophy and Policy},
  pages={102 - 130}
  • I. Young
  • Published 1 January 2006
  • Economics
  • Social Philosophy and Policy
The essay theorizes the responsibilities moral agents may be said to have in relation to global structural social processes that have unjust consequences. How ought moral agents, whether individual or institutional, conceptualize their responsibilities in relation to global injustice? I propose a model of responsibility from social connection as an interpretation of obligations of justice arising from structural social processes. I use the example of justice in transnational processes of… 

Responsibility for climate justice: Political not moral

  • M. Sardo
  • Political Science
    European Journal of Political Theory
  • 2020
How should responsibility be theorized in the context of the global climate crisis? This question is often framed through the language of distributive justice. Because of the inequitable distribution

Global Poverty, Structural Injustice and Obligations to take Political Action

This work considers the moral obligations agents have in relation to global poverty. Utilising a practical ethics approach, it aims to provide an account of obligation that is explicitly political.

Global Gender Justice: Human Rights and Political Responsibility*

  • M. Mclaren
  • Political Science, Sociology
    Critical Horizons
  • 2019
ABSTRACT I argue that Iris Marion Young’s concept of political responsibility is well suited for transnational feminism analyses. Young’s work reveals the intersections of ethical, social, and

The implications of being implicated. Individual responsibility and structural injustice

Within the global justice debate the demandingness objection is primarily aimed at utilitarian theorists who defend a version of the ‘optimizing principle of beneficence’ to deal with the problem of

Getting to the Root of Gender Inequality: Structural Injustice and Political Responsibility

  • S. Parekh
  • Philosophy, Political Science
  • 2011
In this paper, I argue that there is a philosophical basis for the claim that states can be held responsible for structural injustices such as gender discrimination and violence—a claim that has been

Rethinking agency & responsibility in contemporary international political theory

The core argument of this work is that the individualist conceptions of agency and responsibility inherent in the contemporary ethical structure of international relations are highly problematic,

How to Overcome Structural Injustice? Social Connectedness and the Tenet of Subsidiarity

Referring to the phenomenon of structural injustice resulting from unintended consequences of the combination of the actions of many people, Iris Marion Young claims for a new understanding of

How to Overcome Structural Injustice? Social Connectedness and the Tenet of Subsidiarity

Referring to the phenomenon of structural injustice resulting from unintended consequences of the combination of the actions of many people, Iris Marion Young claims for a new understanding of

Three Conceptions of Global Political Justice

The concept of global justice implies that there are principles of justice with a global reach – that is, that the conditions of justice have been globalised in one way or another. Reconsidering

Partiality Based on Relational Responsibilities: Another Approach to Global Ethics

Universalistic claims about the nature of justice are presumed to require larger commitments from a global perspective than partialist claims. This essay departs from standard partialist accounts by



Deliberative Democracy and International Labor Standards

Political theorists have argued that the methods of deliberative democracy can help to meet challenges such as legitimacy, effective governance, and citizen education in local and national contexts.

Who should code your conduct? Trade union and NGO differences in the fight for workers' rights

The debate over workplace codes of conduct has created tensions between trade unions and human rights NGOs. These tensions result from the inherent structural differences between interest‐driven

Trade unions, NGOs, and corporate codes of conduct

The proliferation of corporate codes of conduct generates both alliance and tension between trade unions and NGOs that deal with workers' rights in the global economy. Alliance, because trade unions

Corporate Codes of Conduct and Product Labeling Schemes: The Limits and Possibilities of Promoting International Labor Rights through Private Initiatives

I. INTRODUCTION As a result of increased economic globalization during the last quarter century, many U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs) now manufacture products in developing nations, or

Sweating it out: NGO campaigns and trade union empowerment

In the context of globalisation, transnational social regulation is increasingly the product of NGOs intervening in the sphere of global trade. Drawing on empirical research in SE Asia, the author

Outsourcing Regulation: Analyzing Nongovernmental Systems of Labor Standards and Monitoring

A range of new nongovernmental systems for advancing labor standards and enforcement have emerged over the last 5 years. This article comparatively assesses these multistakeholder systems of codes of

The liability model of responsibility seeks to mark out and isolate

  • Social Philosophy and Policy 16,
  • 1999

Apportioning Responsibilities," and Richardson

    Duties, Rights, and Claims

    • See also Larry May, The Socially Responsible Self: Social Theory and Professional Ethics
    • 1980

    New Hope or False Dawn? Voluntary Codes of Conduct, Labour Regulation, and Social Policy in a Globalizing World

    • Global Social Policy
    • 2001