author={Joanne Muller and Jennifer M. Collins and S. T. Gibson and Leilani D. Paxton},
Roughly 35 % of the world’s 7.4 billion people are in the path of tropical cyclones, and coastal populations are expected to increase in the coming century. To understand the future damage that tropical cyclones could impose on an ever-growing coastal population, it is critically important to better understand the relationships between tropical cyclones and climate. Large-scale features of the climate system have been shown to affect tropical cyclone activity, for example, the El Nino Southern… 
Tropical cyclones and climate change
Recent research has strengthened the understanding of the links between climate and tropical cyclones (TCs) on various timescales. Geological records of past climates have shown century‐long
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part II: Projected Response to Anthropogenic Warming
Model projections of tropical cyclone (TC) activity response to anthropogenic warming in climate models are assessed. Observations, theory, and models, with increasing robustness, indicate rising
Reconstructing Historical Hurricane Tracks in the Atlantic Basin: Three Case Studies from the 1840s
Analyzing past tropical cyclone activity enables researchers to recognize patterns of hurricane variability, estimate hurricane return periods, and assess local risk to future storms. This
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I: Detection and Attribution
An assessment was made of whether detectable changes in tropical cyclone (TC) activity are identifiable in observations and whether any changes can be attributed to anthropogenic climate change.
Geochemical and Microstructural Signals in Giant Clam Tridacna maxima Recorded Typhoon Events at Okinotori Island, Japan
To validate the usability of the giant clam shell as a recorder of short‐term environmental changes such as typhoons, we collected a live Tridacna maxima from Okinotori Island, Japan, on 15 June
Part I: Detection and Attribution
T he question of whether anthropogenic influence on tropical cyclone (TC) activity is detectable in observations is important, particularly owing to the large societal impacts from TCs. Detection and


Tropical cyclones, global climate change and the role of Quaternary studies
The number and types of late Quaternary records of tropical cyclones (TCs) and temperate storms have been increasing globally over the past 10 years. There are now numerous such records for the
Punctuated global tropical cyclone activity over the past 5,000 years
There are now a substantial number of millennial scale records of tropical cyclones from a variety of locations globally. Some of these, such as those in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, show
Australian tropical cyclone activity lower than at any time over the past 550–1,500 years
It is shown, on the basis of a new tropical cyclone activity index (CAI), that the present low levels of storm activity on the mid west and northeast coasts of Australia are unprecedented over the past 550 to 1,500 years.
Atlantic hurricanes and climate over the past 1,500 years
The statistical model indicates that the medieval peak, which rivals or even exceeds (within uncertainties) recent levels of activity, results from the reinforcing effects of La-Niña-like climate conditions and relative tropical Atlantic warmth.
Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon
Comparison of the sediment record with palaeo-climate records indicates that this variability was probably modulated by atmospheric dynamics associated with variations in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the strength of the West African monsoon, and suggests that sea surface temperatures as high as at present are not necessary to support intervals of frequent intense hurricanes.
Perspectives on the linkage between typhoon activity and global warming from recent research advances in paleotempestology
The recent increase in typhoon (tropical cyclone) activity has attracted great interest and induced heated debates over whether it is linked to global warming or only a return to an active phase of
Shipwreck rates reveal Caribbean tropical cyclone response to past radiative forcing
A 75% reduction in decadal-scale Caribbean TC activity during the Maunder Minimum is found, which suggests modulation of the influence of reduced solar irradiance by the cumulative effect of cool North Atlantic sea surface temperatures, El Niño–like conditions, and a negative phase of the North Atlantic Oscillation.
Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years
An index of the potential destructiveness of hurricanes based on the total dissipation of power, integrated over the lifetime of the cyclone, is defined and shows that this index has increased markedly since the mid-1970s, due to both longer storm lifetimes and greater storm intensities.
Migration of the Tropical Cyclone Zone throughout the Holocene
This paper proposes that a combination of short and long term atmospheric oscillations have resulted in latitudinal movement of the tropical cyclone (TC) zone and location of landfall through the