RATIONALITY AND ITS ROLES IN REASONING

@article{Doyle1992RATIONALITYAI,
  title={RATIONALITY AND ITS ROLES IN REASONING},
  author={J. Doyle},
  journal={Computational Intelligence},
  year={1992},
  volume={8}
}
  • J. Doyle
  • Published 1992
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • Computational Intelligence
The economic theory of rationality promises to equal mathematical logic in its importance for the mechanization of reasoning. We survey the growing literature on how the basic notions of probability, utility, and rational choice, coupled with practical limitations on information and resources, influence the design and analysis of reasoning and representation systems. 

Topics from this paper

Formal Rationality and Limited Agents
Many efforts have been made to use normative theories of rational decision-making, such as Bayesian decision theory, to construct and model agents exhibiting intelligent behavior. In order toExpand
Reasoning about Other Agents: Philosophy, Theory, and Implementation
TLDR
The philosophical position is a combination of Daniel Dennett's philosophy of the ladder of per-sonhood (consisting of rationality, intentionality, stance, reciprocity, communication, and consciousness) on one hand, and the utilitarian philosophy of sellsh utility maxi-mization on the other. Expand
Substantive Irrationality in Cognitive Systems
TLDR
This paper considers that when it is not possible for an agent to make a logical inference she might replace certain parts of the logical reasoning with mere associations. Expand
Rationality {in|for|through} AI
Based on an assessment of the history and status quo of the concept of rationality within AI, I propose to establish research on (artificial) rationality as a research program in its own right,Expand
On Reasoning About Other Agents
TLDR
The philosophical position put forth is a combination of Daniel Dennett's philosophy of the ladder of agenthood (consisting of rationality, intentionality, stance, reciprocity, communication, and consciousness) on one hand, and the utilitarian philosophy of selfish utility maximization on the other. Expand
The economic approach to artificial intelligence
To take an economic approach to anything typically invokes certain premises: First, that the fundamental problem to be solved is one of resource allocation; second, that it is useful to modelExpand
Equilibria in a Society of Autonomous Agentswith Partially Ordered Preferences
In this note we present a result on the existence of equilibrium in decisions, for a society of intentional agents. The theoretical framework is taken from Economic Theory, and the main theorem is aExpand
The Possibility of an Universal Rational Reasoner
Reasoning in complex domains may provide inconsistent conclusions. Notwithstanding, in such cases several maximally consistent sets of conclusions can be shown to exist. Any method of reasoning usedExpand
A Logic for Characterizing Multiple Bounded Agents
TLDR
A meta-logic for characterizing the evolving internal reasoning of various families of agents as ongoing processes rather than as fixed sets of conclusions is described, which allows for useful and intuitively natural characterizations of such agents' reasoning abilities. Expand
Metareasoning and Bounded Rationality
TLDR
The various existing computational approaches to bounded rationality are examined and only one of these classes significantly relies on a metareasoning component, and it is argued that this class of models offers desirable properties. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 219 REFERENCES
Rationality and its Roles in Reasoning (Extended Abstract)
TLDR
This work surveys the growing literature on how the basic notions of probability, utility, and rational choice, coupled with practical limitations on information and resources, influence the design and analysis of reasoning and representation systems. Expand
Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason
1. Introduction 2. On the way to the planning theory 3. Plans and practical reasoning 4. Agent rationality: toward a general theory 5. Reconsideration and rationality 6. Agent rationality: theExpand
The Logic of Decision
"[This book] proposes new foundations for the Bayesian principle of rational action, and goes on to develop a new logic of desirability and probabtility."-Frederic Schick, "Journal of Philosophy"
Rational Belief Change, Popper Functions and Counterfactuals
This paper uses Popper's treatment of probability and an epistemic constraint on probability assignments to conditionals to extend the Bayesian representation of rational belief so that revision ofExpand
Reasoning under Varying and Uncertain Resource Constraints
TLDR
The use of decision-theory to optimize the value of computation under uncertain and varying resource limitations is described and the importance of identifying the multiattribute structure of partial results generated by approximation methods for making control decisions is focused on. Expand
A Logic of Implicit and Explicit Belief
TLDR
This paper point out deficiencies in current semantic treatments of knowledge and belief and suggest a new analysis in the form of a logic that avoids these shortcomings and is also more viable computationally. Expand
Minimal Rationality
  • C. Cherniak
  • Computer Science
  • Computational models of cognition and perception
  • 1986
TLDR
The assumption that an ideally rational agent in question has coherent, rational beliefs is a non-starter, and ordinary, finite creatures like ourselves do not just fall short of that ideal: the authors do not even come anywhere close. Expand
Rules Rather than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans
Even if there is an agreed-upon, fixed social objective function and policymakers know the timing and magnitude of the effects of their actions, discretionary policy, namely, the selection of thatExpand
A Logic of Relative Desire (Preliminary Report)
TLDR
This work provides a relative interpretation of goals as qualitative statements about preferability, and develops a propositional logic of relative desire suitable for formalizing properties of planning and problem-solving methods. Expand
Reasoning About Knowledge: An Overview
In this overview paper, I will attempt to identify and describe some of the common threads that tie together work in reasoning about knowledge in such diverse fields as philosophy, economics,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...