Quota Shocks: Electoral Gender Quotas and Government Spending Priorities Worldwide

  title={Quota Shocks: Electoral Gender Quotas and Government Spending Priorities Worldwide},
  author={Amanda Clayton and P{\"a}r Zetterberg},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  pages={916 - 932}
The rapid expansion of electoral gender quotas in the past few decades has been met with considerable scholarly and public attention. Despite this, there has been little empirical work examining the global legislative consequences of gender quotas over time. Developing a unique time-series cross-sectional data set from 139 states during the peak period of quota adoption and implementation (1995–2012), we test whether and how quotas are associated with subsequent changes in government spending… 

Quotas and Party Priorities: Direct and Indirect Effects of Quota Laws

In light of increasing numbers of women in politics, extant research has examined the role of women in the parliamentary party on agenda-setting. This paper complements that literature by exploring

A Moveable Benefit? Spillover Effects of Quotas on Women’s Numerical Representation

Abstract Quotas have helped women achieve greater numerical representation in government around the world. Yet do they have indirect effects on representation elsewhere? We take advantage of

Gendered accountability: when and why do women’s policy priorities get implemented?

Abstract Recent decades have seen a surge in women occupying positions of political power. This has been welcomed in part as a means of achieving better policy outcomes for women. We interrogate this

Affirmative action measures and electoral candidates’ positioning in Zambia

ABSTRACT While the increase of women in elected office has received much scholarly attention, less attention has been paid to the dynamics of resisting gender quotas in countries that fail to adopt

Gender Differences in Political Budget Cycles

Men and women differ in political behaviour and leadership style. Does the gender of politicians affect the engagement in political budget cycles? We provide empirical evidence on gender differences

Corporate Board Quotas and Gender Equality Policies in the Workplace

Do Existing research examines the link between quotas, financial performance, and women's promotion, but we lack an understanding of how quotas impact the structural determinants of gender imbalance

Understanding the Conditions and Consequences of Women’s Political Representation

In recent decades, women’s ability to engage in politics and civil society has risen dramatically across the globe. What has the increase in the number of women in politics, their “descriptive

Closing the Gender Gap in Legislative Debates: The Role of Gender Quotas

Democratic societies increasingly look into gender quotas as a means to increase women’s representation in politics. Yet even as women occupy more seats, meaningful barriers may remain to their



The Increasing Effectiveness of National Gender Quotas, 1990–2010

National gender quotas—policies that require a certain percentage of women candidates or legislators—are becoming more effective over time. Using data on 145 countries from 1990 to 2010, we document

The Global Impact of Quotas

Quotas have become an important mechanism through which women today are entering legislatures worldwide. This study shows that the introduction of quotas has helped overcome constraints on women's

Gender Quotas and Women's Political Leadership

Though more than 100 countries have adopted gender quotas, the effects of these reforms on women's political leadership are largely unknown. We exploit a natural experiment—a 50–50 quota imposed by

The impact of gender quotas

The introduction of electoral gender quotas in diverse contexts around the globe has attracted a great deal of scholarly and political interest. To date, research on these measures has focused

Reforming Representation: The Diffusion of Candidate Gender Quotas Worldwide

In recent years, more than a hundred countries have adopted quotas for the selection of female candidates to political office. Examining individual cases of quota reform, scholars offer four basic

Do Gender Quotas Influence Women’s Representation and Policies?

This paper investigates the effect of applying gender quotas on policy decisions. I first examine the effect of gender quotas on the representation of female legislators, study the correlation

International Politics and the Spread of Quotas for Women in Legislatures

  • S. Bush
  • Political Science
    International Organization
  • 2011
Abstract Quotas to promote women's representation in the world's legislatures have spread to more than one hundred countries. The diffusion of gender quotas poses a puzzle since they have often been

The Political Cure: Gender Quotas and Women's Health

Political gender quotas have become the institutional solution for most governments hoping to increase women's descriptive and substantive representation in national and local government, despite the

Gender Quotas and Women's Substantive Representation: Lessons from Argentina

This article integrates the comparative literature on gender quotas with the existing body of research on women's substantive representation. Quota laws, which bring greater numbers of women into

Does Women's Presence Change Legislative Behavior? Evidence from Argentina, 1983–2007

In scores of countries, the adoption of gender quotas has boosted the numbers of women elected to national legislatures. How does the growing presence of women affect legislative behavior regarding