Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs): a review on occurrence, fate and toxicity in the environment.

@article{Zhang2015QuaternaryAC,
  title={Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs): a review on occurrence, fate and toxicity in the environment.},
  author={Chang P Zhang and Fang Cui and Guangming Zeng and Min Jiang and Zhong-zhu Yang and Zhi-gang Yu and Meng-ying Zhu and Liu-qing Shen},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2015},
  volume={518-519},
  pages={
          352-62
        }
}
Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) are widely applied in household and industrial products. Most uses of QACs can be expected to lead to their release to wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and then dispersed into various environmental compartments through sewage effluent and sludge land application. Although QACs are considered to be aerobically biodegradable, the degradation is affected by its chemical structures, dissolved oxygen concentration, complexing with anionic surfactants, etc… CONTINUE READING
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